Energy balance in production of chickpea in Turkey: A study performed in Adıyaman Province
¹Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Adıyaman, TR02040 Adıyaman, Turkey
²Department of Biosystem Engineering, Faculty of Engineering-Architecture, University of Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, TR50300 Nevşehir, Turkey
In this study, it has been aimed to form the energy balance in the production of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Adıyaman province of Turkey. The material of the research consists of the chickpea enterprises in the center of Adıyaman province in the scope of the production season of 2015–2016. In this study, the number of enterprises for which is required to be made the study has been computed as 67 according to the simple random sampling method. Survey and observation studies have carried out in these designated enterprises. The energy equivalence of the chickpea samples taken from the enterprises has been determined by the calorimeter device. According to results of the study; the total energy input has been computed as 12,225.69 MJ ha-1 and the total energy output has been computed as 31,527.52 MJ ha-1. The energy inputs in the production of chickpea have been 3,575.69 MJ ha-1 (29.25%), 3,523.08 MJ ha-1 (28.82%), 3,280.32 MJ ha-1 (26.83%), 1,230.39 MJ ha-1 (10.07%), 358.20 MJ ha-1 (2.93%), 131.52 MJ ha-1 (1.08%) and 126.50 MJ ha-1 (1.03%) as fuel energy, chemical fertilizers energy, seed energy, machinery energy, farmyard manure energy, human labour energy and chemicals energy inputs, respectively. In this study, indicators showing the energy ratio, specific energy, energy productivity and net energy were determined as 2.58, 7.07 MJ kg-1, 0.14 kg MJ-1 and 19,301.83 MJ ha-1, respectively. According to the results of the study, it is clear that chickpea production is an economical production for the 2015–2016 production seasons.