Tag Archives: biomass resources

283-294 A. Beloborodko, K. Klavina, F. Romagnoli, K. Kenga, M. Rosa andD. Blumberga
Study on availability of herbaceous resources for production of solid biomass fuels in Latvia
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Study on availability of herbaceous resources for production of solid biomass fuels in Latvia

A. Beloborodko*, K. Klavina, F. Romagnoli, K. Kenga, M. Rosa andD. Blumberga

Riga Technical University, Institute of Energy Systems and Environment,Kronvalda blvd. 1, LV-1010 Riga, Latvia;
*Correspondence: anna.beloborodko@rtu.lv

Abstract:

Latvia  has  set  a  target  to  increase  the  gross  final  consumption  of  energy  fromrenewable energy sources up to 40% by 2020. To reach this ambitious objective an increase ofthe amount of energy produced from locally available biomass is a priority. In Latvia, as in theEuropean Union, consumption of wood and wood waste has increased during the last decade.At the same time, the export of pellets and briquettes produced in Latvia is a growing trend,therefore  production  amounts  depend  greatly  upon  export  market  demand.  In  the  light  of  aforeseeable increase in the global market for solid biofuels the same trend would be reproducedin Latvia. Consequently and in the light of an increase in energy consumption this would resultin shortages of the substrate biomass for the production of compressed biomass. To cover thegrowing biomass demand for both domestic consumption and export, potential biomass sourcesfrom agricultural and industrial sectors have to be investigated.The main objective of this paper is to determine the availability of potential herbaceous biomasssources  for  production  of  compressed  biofuels  in  Latvia.  In  order  to  reach  this  target  theavailable  amounts  of  herbaceous  agricultural  and  industrial  by-products  in  Latvia  have  beenevaluated and their energy potential has been calculated. In addition, the current use of thesematerials  is  described  and  sustainability  aspects  of  various  applications  of  such  materials  arediscussed.This study intends to provide the necessary background information to select the most suitableand  convenient  sources  (in  terms  of  availability  and  energy  value)  for  the  production  ofcompressed mixed biomass fuels at laboratory conditions and the consecutive determination ofquality and physical, mechanical, thermo-chemical and combustion properties of such fuels.Key words: biomass resources, renewable energy, by-product use, industrial synergies, mixedbiomass.

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