Tag Archives: Brassica napus L.

xxx O. Šařec and P. Šařec
Results of fifteen-year monitoring of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) production in selected farm businesses of the Czech Republic from the viewpoint of technological and economic parameters
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Results of fifteen-year monitoring of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) production in selected farm businesses of the Czech Republic from the viewpoint of technological and economic parameters

O. Šařec* and P. Šařec

Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Machinery Utilization, Kamycka 129, CZ165 00 Prague 6 – Suchdol, Czech Republic
*Correspondence: sarec@tf.czu.cz

Abstract:

The paper presents field trials focused on technological and economic comparison of conventional tillage (CT) and reduced tillage (RT) technologies of soil cultivation and drilling of winter oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). During fifteen production years starting in 2001/02, trials were set up in 520 fields of around 40 farm businesses located in all of the districts of the Czech Republic. With respect to average seed yields, no significant differences were proved with respect to tillage systems, to the application of organic fertilizers and to the fertilization during sowing. Irregular distribution of trial fields into the individual production areas influenced the outcomes thou. Concerning winter rape seed yields, costs per production unit, and earnings per hectare, the most suitable production area proved still to be the potatoes one, but particularly over the recent period also beet production area. The corn production area produced, despite some exceptions, worst results. Over the fifteen-year time, the average oilseed rape yield of all 520 monitored fields was 3.72 t ha–1. Reduced tillage attained average yield of 3.73 t ha–1, i.e. matched almost exactly the one of 3.70 t ha–1 attained by conventional tillage. Unit production costs realized by conventional tillage surpassed by 4.1% those gained by reduced tillage. Related earnings per hectare were on the other hand lower by 17.0%. With respect to fuel and labour consumption, reduced tillage brought significant savings reaching in average 20.2%, respectively 24.0%. In terms of yields, reduced tillage with deeper soil loosening proved repeatedly favourable results.

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229–243 G. Sidlauskas and S. Bernotas
Some factors affecting seed yield of spring oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.)
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Some factors affecting seed yield of spring oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.)

G. Sidlauskas¹ and S. Bernotas²

¹Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Akademija 5051, Dotnuva parish, Kedainiai distr., Lithuania, e-mail: gvidas@lzi.lt
²Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture Vezaiciai branch, Vezaiciai, LT-5845 Klaipeda distr., Lithuania, e-mail: filialas@vezaiciai.lzi.lt

Abstract:

The effect of nitrogen rates, time of nitrogen application, concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in aboveground plant dry matter, stand population density, mean daily temperature, precipitation rate, growing degree days accumulated by plants at different growing stages and the duration of vegetative growth period on seed yield of Star, a cultivar of Brassica napus L., were studied in the field experiment. The seed yield was significantly affected by nitrogen rates of up to 120  kg ha-1. Further increase in nitrogen fertilisation had only a little effect on the seed yield of spring oilseed rape. There was a possibility to prolong the nitrogen application time until the start of flowering. However, in poorest soils, especially under unfavourable growing and development conditions, late nitrogen application could be much less effective. Nitrogen concentration in plant dry matter at 4–5 leaf stage, at the start and end of flowering and at the seed development stage had a significant effect on seed yield of spring oilseed rape. Phosphorus concentration was not important in the second part of vegetative growth. Potassium concentration, on the contrary, in the first part. With an increase of stand population density to up to 170 plant m-2 seed yield of spring oilseed rape was increasing. The increase in the duration of vegetative growth period and precipitation rate resulted in a higher seed yield. Meanwhile, the increase of mean daily temperatures and growing degree days had a negative effect on seed yield of spring oilseed rape. Presented regression equations could be used for a model for prognosis of seed yield of spring oilseed rape, based on agronomic and climatic factors.

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