Review of the contamination and health risks related to Campylobacter spp. and Listeria monocytogenes in the food supply with special reference to Estonia and Latvia
¹Estonian University of Life Sciences, Institute of Veterinary Medicine andAnimal Sciences, Department of Food Hygiene, Kreutzwaldi 58A, Tartu, Estonia, 51014; e-mail: email@example.com
²Latvia University of Agriculture, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Departmentof Food and Environmental Hygiene, K. Helmana iela 8, Jelgava, Latvia, LV–3004; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
³University of Helsinki, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of FoodHygiene and Environmental Health, P.O. Box 66, FI-00014, Finland; e-mail: email@example.com
⁴Estonian State Veterinary and Food Laboratory, Kreutzwaldi 30, Tartu, Estonia,51006; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The present study gives a review of the contamination and health risks related to Campylobacter spp. and L. monocytogenes in the Estonian and Latvian food supply. Campylobacteriosis and human listeriosis are important zoonotic diseases. Therefore, biosecurity measures at the farm level and Good Hygiene Practices at the industry level must be strictly followed. Further improvements in the state surveillance and food industry self-control systems are needed both in Estonia and Latvia.