Tag Archives: Colorado potato beetles

251-256 K. Hiiesaar, E. Švilponis, L. Metspalu, K. Jõgar, M. Mänd,A. Luik and R.Karise
Influence of Neem-Azal T/S on feeding activity of Colorado Potato Beetles (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)
Abstract |
Full text PDF (166 kB)

Influence of Neem-Azal T/S on feeding activity of Colorado Potato Beetles (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say)

K. Hiiesaar, E. Švilponis, L. Metspalu, K. Jõgar, M. Mänd,A. Luik and R.Karise

Institute of Agricultural and Environmental SciencesEstonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi St. 1, EE51014 Tartu, Estonia;e-mail: kylli.hiiesaar@emu.ee, fax: 372 7 313 351

Abstract:

The influence of 0.3% water emulsion of Neem-Azal T/S on the behaviour and feeding activity of Colorado Potato Beetles (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say) has been investigated. In choice test beetles mostly choose clean leaves, but did not avoid Neem-treated leaves entirely. In no-choice test beetles did not refuse to eat the Neem-treated food, although fed reluctantly. Consumption of Neem-treated leaf areas was reduced by 3–5 times in both, as in choice as in no-choice variants in comparison with control. Regarding the Colorado Potato Beetles, Neem-Azal T/S belongs to the category of relative antifeedant: it was not able completely deter beetles from visiting and eating the treated food. The antifeedant activity of preparation, which was expressed by the total coefficient of deterrence, exceeded 100. The interaction of time and treatment had no significant effect on feeding activity. Beetles did not become habituated to Neem-Azal T/S during one week.

Key words:

, , , ,




21–30 K. Hiiesaar, L. Metspalu, J. Jõudu and K. Jõgar
Over-wintering of the Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say) in field conditions and factors affecting its population density in Estonia
Abstract |
Full text PDF (206 kB)

Over-wintering of the Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say) in field conditions and factors affecting its population density in Estonia

K. Hiiesaar, L. Metspalu, J. Jõudu and K. Jõgar

Estonian University of Life Sciences, Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Kreutzwaldi St. 64, 51014 Tartu, Estonia; e-mail: kylli.hiiesaar@emu.ee

Abstract:

The adaptation of Colorado potato beetles (CPB) (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say) to low temperatures has been the basis for the formation of a local permanent population in Estonia. The number of this pest fluctuates in different years on a large scale. The hibernation of the beetles in field conditions during the years 2000–2005 was observed and some factors influencing the beetles’ mortality was discussed in this study. Soil with a lighter texture – loamy sand proved better for the hibernation of CPB than clay loam soil with a heavier texture. 30 cm confirmed to be more suitable depth for hibernation than 50 cm, demonstrating lower mortality rate. Every autumn CPB populations were differently prepared for hibernation: part of the beetles burrowed themselves into the soil considered to be ready for over-wintering, and there were more survivals than among the beetles staying on the soil surface: that could not complete their maturation feeding. The temperature may become lethal for a majority of the hibernating population only during extreme winters when the temperature falls to -30oC for a longer period of time. During our observation period, it happened only once: in 2002/2003. In more mild winters there were no problems with over-wintering: about two third of the beetles survived in clay sand and about a half in loamy clay soil. It is difficult to predict the annual damage caused by CPB because the Estonian population consists of adapted over-wintered beetles and beetles migrated from southern regions. In some years we have had a great number of immigrant beetles and, in some years, no immigration has occurred.

Key words:

, , ,