An assessment of stratification of exhaust gases from gasoline and diesel engine
Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Faculty of Engineering, Motor Vehicle Institute, 5 J.Cakstes blvd, LV3001 Jelgava, Latvia
Research the aim of which was to find out stratification of main exhaust components outside the tailpipe of the vehicle was realized in Alternative Fuels Research Laboratory of Latvia University of Agriculture using two commercially produced testing vehicles (diesel and gasoline) and exhaust gas analytical system AVL SESAM FTIR. Additionally there was created a gas testing camera allowing to measure concentration of exhaust gas components in different heights and windless conditions. Regulated and unregulated emissions from gasoline and diesel engines were measured and discussed. Results obtained during the measurements showed main stratification of toxic components from both engine types from 0.6 to 1.1 m from the ground making a risk to get some health problems by inhalation, especially for children. Main components (NOx, CO, HC) of exhaust gases of gasoline engines stay in the air for about 15 minutes in height of 1.0 m from the ground level, while methane and acetylene stay in the air for a 15 minutes in height of 0.6 m from the ground level.