FEM based numerical simulation for heat treatment of the agricultural tools
¹Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Material Science and Manufacturing Technology, Kamýcka 129, CZ-16521 Praha – Suchdol, Czech Republic 2Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Kamýcka 129, CZ-16521 Praha – Suchdol, Czech Republic; *Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org
Quenching as a heat treatment method is commonly used to control the mechanical properties of steels. This article deals with the modelling and simulation of quenching of steel chisel using a multi–phase model. The process of the heat treatment is non stationary phase due to temperature variation with time. In this study, the problem of heat transfer in three dimensional phase was transformed into a two dimensional axisymmetric case. ElmerFem solver was used for the heat transfer through different cooling media such as water, oil and salt bath. The results from heat solver were used for austenite transformation modelling by applying Johnson–Mehl–Avrami–Kolmogorov equation in TTT diagram. The Scheill’s decomposition was used for anisothermal transformation of austenite. The hardness prediction was done according to simple mixture rule where total hardness of the steel was calculated based on volume of the phases and their Vickers hardness.