Study of clonal variation of ‘Bidaneh Ghermez’ grapevine cultivar in Iran
¹Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Blv Shahid Fahmideh, Mohammad Shahr, Karaj, Iran.
²Qazvin Agriculture and Natural Resources Research Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), No 188, Blv Shahid Docter Beheshti, Qazvin, Iran
Grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) is a well-known plant including different cultivars and clones. In spite of the extensive works at the cultivar level, identification and determination of clonal genetic variation has remained as a challenge. To assess the genetic variation between clones of grapevine cv. ‘Bidaneh Ghermez’, 20 selected clones were analyzed for cluster weight (CW), cluster length (CL), cluster width (CWI), berry weight (BW), berry length (BL), berry width (BWI) and total soluble solids (TSS) in randomized complete block design with three replications. Analysis of variance revealed considerable genetic variation for all measured traits (except cluster width) among clones. Cluster analysis, discriminant function analysis and principal component analysis (PCA) showed same results and all clones assigned in 2 groups. First group was including 9 clones and second group was including 11 clones. Overall, our results indicated C7, C10, C12 and C14 clones were best clones and have potential to introduce promising clones for stablishing new vineyard with high yield.