Tag Archives: heritability

97-102 K.K. Sabu , M.Z. Abdullah, L.S. Lim and R. Wickneswari
Analysis of heritability and genetic variability of agronomically important traits in Oryza sativa x O. rufipogon cross
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Analysis of heritability and genetic variability of agronomically important traits in Oryza sativa x O. rufipogon cross

K.K. Sabu ¹*, M.Z. Abdullah², L.S. Lim¹ and R. Wickneswari¹

¹ School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology,
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
² Gene Bank, MARDI Seberang Perai, PO Box 203, 13200 Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang,
Malaysia.
* Corresponding author; Present address: Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute,
Thiruvananthapuram 695562, India. Email: krishnan.sabu@gmail.com

Abstract:

Heritability is a measure of possible genetic advancement under selection. Estimation of variance components could imply partitioning of genetic variability over different sources of variation. This article describes statistical methods applied and some of the observations made on results of heritability and analysis of environmental variances of grain yield and related traits of progenies derived from a cross between wild and cultivated rice. The study shed light on the genetic information of grain yield and related traits such as their heritability, genetic and environmental effects in the F1 progenies of a cross between O. sativa and O. rufipogon. A considerable amount of additive genetic variation was found in these families. The traits with high heritability, considerable phenotypic correlation and low seasonal variability can be used in further improvement of the F1 progenies. The results obtained were highly promising and can be utilized to develop new rice cultivars.

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51-58 R. Sestras, E. Tamas, D. Pamfil, L. Mihalte,A. Sestras, L. Chis and C. Qin
The influence of the genotype upon the in vitro and in vivo growth of greenhouse carnations
Abstract |

The influence of the genotype upon the in vitro and in vivo growth of greenhouse carnations

R. Sestras¹, E. Tamas¹, D. Pamfil¹, L. Mihalte¹,A. Sestras², L. Chis² and C. Qin³

¹University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, 3-5Manastur St., 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania, e-mail: rsestras@usamvcluj.ro
²Horticultural Research Station, 3-5 Horticultorilor St., Cluj-Napoca, Romania
³School of Life Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai, 200436, China

Abstract:

Carnations are familiar, widespread, and are among the most popular cut flowers. There is great diversity of greenhouse cultivars belonging to Dianthus caryophyllus L, habitually multiplied through cuttings or micro-propagation. In order to establish whether or not there is a connection between the vigour of the plants technically mature from the greenhouse and their in vitro growth, several traits of greenhouse carnation, grown both in vivo and in vitro were analysed in five cultivars (Polka, Tanga, Dark Tempo, Delphi and Indios). The influence of the genotype upon the vigour of the plants and upon the characteristics of the greenhouse flowers, as well as upon some features of the in vitro growth of the plantlets, was significant. The variability under in vivo conditions ranged from 5.0 to 17.8%, while the characteristics analysed in vitro showed a large span of variability values (s% = 7.9–51.0). Overall, the heritability showed high values for the analysed characteristics, both under in vivo (H2 = 0.660–0.949) and in vitro (H2 = 0.502–0.946) conditions. No statistically ensured correlations were recorded between the plant growth under in vivo conditions and of those with the same genotype under in vitro conditions; therefore the greater vigour of some genotypes from the greenhouse did not imply their more accentuated growth in vitro. The cultivars conspicuous for their superior characteristics will be used as genitors within the improvement programmes and also recommended to be tested for inclusion in the Official Catalogue of Plants.

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55–62 R. Sestras, E. Tamas and A. Sestras
Morphological and genetic peculiarities of fruits in several winter apple varieties which confer resistance to damage
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Morphological and genetic peculiarities of fruits in several winter apple varieties which confer resistance to damage

R. Sestras¹, E. Tamas¹ and A. Sestras²

¹University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Horticulture, No. 3-5 Manastur St., 3400 Cluj-Napoca, Romania; e-mail: rsestras@email.ro
²Horticultural Research Station, 3-5 Horticultorilor St., Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Abstract:

Among 15 winter apple varieties studied for their resistance to the damage of fruits, Golden Delicious was susceptible to fruit injury, while the Florina, Idared and Granny Smith can be considered resistant to pricking, cutting and hitting of the fruits. The variability of the morphological characteristics of the fruits was relatively low, the fruit volume being averagely variable and the fruit resistance to injury being the character with the highest variability (s% = 26.4). The resistance of the fruits to injury was not correlated with their height, diameter, weight, shape and volume. The characteristics of the fruits have a strong genetic determinism, but the additive effects of the genes do not play the most important role in all cases. For the fruit resistance to injury the big differences between heritability coefficients values in a broad and narrow sense signify the fact that the resistance to injury of apples is influenced not only by additive effects but also by the dominance and epistasis effects of the genes.

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