Tag Archives: intercropping

1267–1275 E. Akk,, T.E. Søndergaard, J.L. Sørensen, H. Giese, M.L. Kütt, L. Edesi, H. Lõiveke and E. Lauringson
The effects of nitrogen rates and intercropping on the occurrence of Fusarium spp. on barley kernels
Abstract |
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The effects of nitrogen rates and intercropping on the occurrence of Fusarium spp. on barley kernels

E. Akk¹,*, T.E. Søndergaard², J.L. Sørensen², H. Giese², M.L. Kütt⁵, L. Edesi³, H. Lõiveke¹ and E. Lauringson⁴

¹ Estonian Crop Research Institute, Department of Plant Protection, J. Aamisepa 1, 48309, Jõgeva, Estonia
² Aalborg University, Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, Fredrik BajersVej 7H, 9000 Aalborg, Denmark
³ Estonian Crop Research Institute, Department of Agrotechnology, J. Aamisepa 1, 48309, Jõgeva, Estonia
⁴ Estonian University of Life Sciences, Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Kreutzwaldi ⁵, 51014 Tartu, Estonia
5University of Vienna, Department of Food Chemistry and Toxicology, Währinger Straβe 38, 1090, Wien, Austria
*Correspondence: elina.akk@etki.ee

Abstract:

The aim of the field experiments was to compare the effect of nitrogen rates and intercropping on the occurrence of Fusarium spp. in barley kernels. The experiments were performed in Central Estonia (58 ̊33´N, 25 ̊34´E) in 2009 and 2010. The composition of fungi in spring barley kernels was found through isolation and subsequent sequence analyses of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and morphological features. During the study, 13 species of micro-fungi were identified in the grain samples. The most common species of fungi found in barley were Fusarium avenaceum, Fusarium poae, as well as Phoma pinodella. The compositions of pathogenic fungi on Estonian barley kernels were affected by the level of nitrogen fertilization and growing on barley-pea intercropping. The study showed tendencies that barley-pea intercropping had fewer occurrences of Fusarium species than sole barley.

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187-190 L. Hanni and A. Luik
Parasitism of raspberry beetle (Byturus tomentosus F.) larvae in different cropping techniques of red raspberry
Abstract |

Parasitism of raspberry beetle (Byturus tomentosus F.) larvae in different cropping techniques of red raspberry

L. Hanni¹ and A. Luik²

¹Polli Horticultural Research Centre, Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences,Estonian University of Life Sciences, Viljandi county, Karksi–Nuia, Polli, 69104, Estonia;e-mail: liina.hanni@emu.ee
²Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences,Kreutzwaldi St. 64, 51014, Tartu, Estonia

Abstract:

Raspberry beetle (Byturus tomentosus F.) is the major pest in raspberry in Estonia and throughout Europe. The parasitism rate of raspberry beetle larvae was studied in different cropping systems and in wild raspberry. In the raspberry plantation two intercropping systems were used: intercropping with 7 herbs and with black currant. The control variant was monocropping. Larvae from wild raspberries were collected from a clear cut area in the neighbourhood of the plantation. In the monocropping area the larval parasitism rate was less than 5%. The intercropping of raspberries with herbs increased the larval parasitism rate (9.4%), while in the intercropping with black currant, it decreased (2.2%). Larvae from wild raspberry were the most parasitized (26.1%). Further investigation is needed to explain species composition of parasitoids in raspberry beetle larvae.

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