Volatile combustible release in biofuels
Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Transport and Handling, Tr. A. Hlinku 2, SK949 76 Nitra, Slovak Republic
Plant biomass consists of varied materials. Biomass is used for different purposes, but it is most frequently burnt in modern combustion devices for heat production. The quality of solid biofuels depends on the total content of combustibles while the volatile combustible content affects the combustion process. The aim of the paper is to determine the exact content of the biofuel components by the means of the gravimetric method – namely volatile combustible, ash and moisture content – and to evaluate the process of volatile combustible release as a function of temperature during the experiment. The device Nabertherm L9/11/SW/P330 type with accessory was used to carry out the experiments. Various biofuel samples were examined, namely wood (9 kinds), wood cuttings and wood chips (2 kinds), pellets (4 kinds), sawdust (1 kind), compared to less traditional fuels (DDGS and RME – 2 kinds) and wood coal (1 kind). The tables and graphs present the experimental results, which allow evaluation of the components content in different biofuels and provide characteristics of the process of volatile combustible release in analysed fuels. Spruce wood without bark showed the highest content of combustible (99.89%). Sawdust of fruit trees contains the highest proportion of volatile combustible (93.978%) and releases the combustible at the highest rate (15.25 mg h-1).