Tag Archives: potato

427-432 T. Saue, P. Viil, J. Kadaja
Do different tillage and fertilization methods influence weather risks on potato yield?
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Do different tillage and fertilization methods influence weather risks on potato yield?

T. Saue, P. Viil, J. Kadaja

Estonian Research institute of Agriculture, Teaduse 13, Saku, Harjumaa, Estonia;e-mail: triin.saue@eria.ee, peeter.viil@eria.ee, jyri.kadaja@eria.ee

Abstract:

The influence of weather variability on potato yield was assessed with an aim to address different soil tillage and fertilization regimes by their weather sensibility. The strong effect of an experimental year on potato yields was proved for the experimental period; the effect of fertilization proved significant only between the highest and the lowest fertilization rates; the effect of tillage tested insignificant. If synthesized statistically over the population (over an untested period of time), significant interactions occur between years and tillage/fertilization treatments, verifying that the effect of both tillage and fertilization is dependent on year-to-year weather differences. Yields of all examined variants were found to be significantly correlated to spring weather – positively to temperatures and negatively to precipitation. Negative correlation exists between yields and temperatures summed from emergence to flowering, positive between yields and precipitation from flowering to harvest.

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59-72 A. Razukas, Z. Jankauskiene, J. Jundulas and R. Asakaviciute
Research of technical crops (potato and flax) genetic resources in Lithuania
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Research of technical crops (potato and flax) genetic resources in Lithuania

A. Razukas¹, Z. Jankauskiene, J. Jundulas¹ and R. Asakaviciute¹*

¹ Voke Branch of Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Zalioji a. 2, Vilnius, Lithuania.
² Upyte Research Station of Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Linininku 3, Upyte, Panevezys distr., Lithuania.
* Corresponding author; e-mail: rita.asakaviciute@voke.lzi.lt

Abstract:

The research of potato accessions preserved in Lithuanian potato gene bank genetic diversity research was carried out at the Voke branch of Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture in years 1990–2006. Research was provided with potato collection covering 200 varieties and hybrids from the main potato origin and growing regions and selection material bred in Lithuania. Potato varieties varied in accordance of morphologic, physiologic, immunologic and farming features in the different maturity groups and between groups. Using transgenic hybridization method and working with genetic material of local potato collection were selected potato varieties of Lithuanian origin. The key objective was to select the varieties immune to wart disease, cyst nematodes, with high resistance to other diseases, with excellent agronomic and cooking qualities, suitable for the processing industry. Over 1966–2006 years the collection of more than 350 flax breeding lines and varieties from different countries were investigated at the Upyte Research Station of the Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture. Therefore it is desirable for the new flax varieties to be highly adaptable, stabile yielding and high fiber quality under different growing conditions. The collection serves as a base while selecting flax varieties for hybridization. There have been chosen the varieties and breeding lines having the complex of qualities and positive characters. The varieties and breeding lines with positive characters were involved into the program of fiber flax breeding.

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273-280 H. Lõiveke
Incidence of Fusarium spp. on several field crops in Estonia and their toxicity towards Bacillus stearothermophilus
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Incidence of Fusarium spp. on several field crops in Estonia and their toxicity towards Bacillus stearothermophilus

H. Lõiveke

Estonian Research Institute of Agriculture, Teaduse 13, EE75501 Saku, Harjumaa, Estonia;e-mail: heino.loiveke@eria.ee

Abstract:

The article provides an overview of the occurrence of Fusarium spp. on grain produced in Estonia from 1973–2004, the occurrence of Fusarium spp. in the common root rot complex of cereals in 1977–1985 and potato tubers with dry rot symptoms in the yield of 1996–2000. The dominating species on grain were (contaminated samples, %) F. avenaceum (Fr.) Sacc. – 28.0–30.3; F. poae (Pk.) Wr. – 7.4–9.5 F. semitectum Berk. et Rav. – 7.0–9.0; F. oxysporum (Schlecht) Snyd. et Hans. – 7.4-8.0; accompanied by F. ventricosum App. et Wr., F. sporotrichioides Sherb. var. minus Wr., F. verticillioides (Sacc.) Nirenberg, F. culmorum (W. G. Sm.) Sacc. and F. sambucinum Fuck. In the common root rot complex of barley, F. culmorum – 16.8; F. sambucinum – 2.5; F. avenaceum – 2.2; F. oxysporum – 1.7; and F. poae – 1.3 (contaminated samples, %) dominated. In potato with dry rot, F. culmorum – 26.7; F. solani (Mart.) Sacc. – 20.0; F. poae – 15.0; F. oxysporum – 13.3 and F. sulphureum Schlecht – 8.3 (contaminated tubers, %) dominated. The occurrence of toxic isolates both on grain and potato was established. Of Fusarium isolates recovered from grain (total 287) 5.6% were highly toxic, and 88.1% mildly or medium toxic to Bacillus stearothermophilus. Of 15 isolates found on potato, 1 was highly toxic and 9 were mildly to medium toxic. Fusarium spp. has been presented according to Gerlach & Nirenberg (1982).

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49–55 J. Kadaja
Influence of fertilisation on potato growth functions
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Influence of fertilisation on potato growth functions

J. Kadaja

Estonian Research Institute of Agriculture, Teaduse 13, 75501 Saku, Estonia; e–mail: kadaja@solo.ee

Abstract:

Aimed at elaboration of a soil fertility module for the potato production model POMOD, the determination of growth functions was carried out for the late potato variety ‘Anti’ at different fertilisation levels. These functions characterise the distribution of growth between plant organs and redistribution of the biomass of vegetative organs at their late growth stage. Results of the field experiments in 2002–2003 revealed that fertilisation decreased the maximum of root growth function and shifted the maximum of leaf growth function forward. The bigger amount of fertiliser slows down the decrease of leaf and stem growth functions and the increase of tuber growth function. Moreover, it leads to a break in the tuber growth function occurring with secondary maximums in leaf and stem growth functions. Variability of growth functions induced by fertilisation is dominant during the second half of growing period. At an early growing stage, variations between years exceed variability between fertilisation plots.

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197–209 A. Makaraviciute
Effect of organic and mineral fertilizers on the yield and quality of different potato varieties
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Effect of organic and mineral fertilizers on the yield and quality of different potato varieties

A. Makaraviciute

Elmininkai Research Station of the Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Dvaro 6, N. Elmininkai, Anykš?iai district, LT-4930, Lithuania; e-mail: elmininkai@anyksciai.omnitel.net

Abstract:

The effect of different fertilizers on potato tuber yield and its quality was investigated at the Elmininkai Research Station of the Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture during 1997-1999. Potatoes of 10 varieties belonging to different maturity groups were grown on plots with different fertilization. The following potato varieties were investigated: the extra early ‘Venta’ and ‘Ukama’, the early ‘Voke’, the medium early ‘Mirta’ and ‘Karolin’, the medium late ‘Hertha’, ‘Saturna’ and ‘Agria’, and the late ‘Aistes’ and ‘Speci’.
It was established that different fertilizers, varietal properties and meteorological conditions during the potato vegetation period significantly influenced the yield and  quality of different potato varieties. The highest potato tuber yields (20.1–29.6 t ha-1) of all the tested varieties were harvested when one-component and complex mineral fertilizers with microelements had been applied, the lowest (14.6–21.7 t ha-1) when manure (60 t ha-1) had been used in spring. The highest starch and dry matter content had potatoes of the following varieties: the early ‘Voke’ (up to 16.3% and 22.6%, respectively), the medium early ‘Karolin’ (up to 15.6% and 21.8%, respectively), the medium late ‘Saturna’ (up to 17.4% and 23.7%, respectively) and the late ‘Speci’ (up to 16.3% and 22.6%, respectively). The 1998 vegetation period was the most favourable for potato tuber yield, and the 1997 vegetation period for the accumulation of starch and dry matter. The vegetation period of 1999 was the most unfavourable both for potato tuber yield and the accumulation of starch and dry matter.

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105–111 Alma Valskytė, Kęstutis Tamošiūnas, Janina Gošovskienė and Gintautas Cesevičius
Monitoring of early attacks of late blight in Lithuania
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Monitoring of early attacks of late blight in Lithuania

Alma Valskytė¹, Kęstutis Tamošiūnas², Janina Gošovskienė³ and Gintautas Cesevičius⁴

¹Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture Voke branch, Žalioji a.2, 4002 Vilnius, Lithuania; e-mail: alma.valskyte@voke.lzi.lt
²Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Instituto al. 1, Akademija, Kėdainių r., l, Lithuania; e-mail: lziaa@lzi.lt
³State Plant Protection Service, Pelesos 85, Vilnius, Lithuania; e-mail: vaatgo@vaat.lt
⁴Lithuanian Agricultural Advisory Service, Stoties 5, Akademija, 5051 Kėdainių r., Lithuania; e-mail: aug3@lzukt.lt

Abstract:

Late blight monitoring means continual observations of late blight development during potato vegetation period. The aim of potato late blight monitoring is to establish the first appearance of late blight symptoms and to observe the development of potato late blight in different regions of Lithuania.  The Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture (LIA), the Lithuanian Agricultural Advisory Service (LAAS) and the State Plant Protection Service (SPPS) implement monitoring of late blight in Lithuania and have been taking part in the program of late blight monitoring in the Nordic and Baltic countries since 1999 (http://www.web-blight.net).
In 2001 potato late blight monitoring was carried out in 20 districts of Lithuania. Observations were made in 53 fields and 23 potato varieties of different maturity and susceptibility. First symptoms of late blight in Lithuania in 2001 were established on  15 June in Varėna district. During the season, the development of late blight had an epiphytotic character.

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