Tag Archives: replanting

511-516 D. Kviklys, J. Lanauskas, J. Sakalauskaitė, N. Kviklienė and N. Uselis
Soil exhaustion and rootstock effect on the growth of apple planting material
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Soil exhaustion and rootstock effect on the growth of apple planting material

D. Kviklys, J. Lanauskas, J. Sakalauskaitė, N. Kviklienė and N. Uselis

Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture, Kauno 30, LT–54333 Babtai, Kaunas distr., Lithuania,e-mail: d.kviklys@lsdi.lt

Abstract:

Apple rootstocks P 59, P 22, P 2, P 60, M.9, M.26, MM.106, B.118 (54–118), B.396 (62–396) and ‘Antonowka‘ seedlings were tested at the Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture in fresh soil and in soil previously used for an apple nursery. Replanting had a negative effect on the development of apple tree propagation material in the nursery. Bud survival of cv. ‘Sampion’ decreased by 24% compared to those in fresh soil. Other tree growth parameters were suppressed as well: tree height by 29%, trunk diameter by 24%, average leaf area by 28%, and absolutely dry leaf weight by 33%. Combining all parameters it could be concluded that apple trees of cv. ‘Sampion’ on P 59 and P 60 rootstocks are the most sensitive to soil exhaustion, whereas trees on P 2 and B.396 rootstocks show tolerance to replanting.

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