Heating of large agricultural and industrial buildings
¹Institute of Information Theory and Automation, The Academy of Science of The Czech Republic, v.v.i.; *Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org 2Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Engineering, Czech Republic
This paper presents the results of the simulation calculations used in the selection and design of an appropriate method of heating of large buildings for agricultural or industrial purposes. These halls are characterized by a large built-up area, large room height and high consumption of energy for heating. The aim of the simulation calculation was to find a way of heating, which leads to a reduction in energy consumption while maintaining the required thermal comfort of indoor environment. The calculations were performed using the CFD software ANSYS-Fluent. For comparison of variants, a 3D model was used, including a heat source, natural convection and heat transfer through surrounding structures. The results of the thermal comfort of the working environment in the level of people or the growing zone of plants or the storage space for goods were mainly studied. The second area of interior space, especially important in terms of heat losses, is the level of the ceiling. The results of the calculations provide a detailed analysis of the vertical temperature profiles and the effect of the surrounding walls surface temperature on the thermal state of an indoor environment. The created model was verified according to the results of experiments in large buildings equipped with different heating systems. Based on the results of the simulation calculations and according to the results of experimental measurements, radiant heating method seems to be the suitable heating system solution for studied types of buildings.