Tag Archives: soft cheese

1562-1572 A. Chechetkina, N. Iakovchenko and L. Zabodalova
The technology of soft cheese with a vegetable component
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The technology of soft cheese with a vegetable component

A. Chechetkina*, N. Iakovchenko and L. Zabodalova

ITMO University, St. Lomonosova 9, RU 191002 Saint-Petersburg, Russian Federation
*Correspondence: Aleksandra.chechetkina@mail.ru

Abstract:

In products with complex composition milk and vegetable raw materials are used in different combinations, which allow to give them certain functional properties. Increasing the production of biologically wholesome products is a highly topical issue. One of the possible solutions of the problem is combining milk basis with vegetable raw material. Studies have been conducted on the development of soft cheeses from goat’s milk with chickpea flour. The aim of this research is to study the properties, consumer value and possibility of creation of soft cheese formulation with chickpea flour. In this field of study, an extruded chickpea flour is an innovative additive that had never been used before. Optimal proportion of ingredients was determined by nutritional, biological and energy value under the limitations arising from structural and parametrical models of adequate nutrition. The optimal concentration of bean filler in cheese mass that allows for the insignificant change in qualitative indicators of lacto–vegetarian product (taste, smell, consistency and color) was determined. During the experiments an effective fracture of bean component was selected and qualitative indicators of the developed soft cheese were determined. The paper gives scientific substantiation for the effectiveness of manufacture of soft goat cheese with chickpea flour.

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717-726 N. Iakovchenko and L. Silantjeva
Vegetable ingredients in soft cheese made from concentrated skim milk by ultrafiltration
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Vegetable ingredients in soft cheese made from concentrated skim milk by ultrafiltration

N. Iakovchenko* and L. Silantjeva

Institute of Refrigeration and Biotechnologies, ITMO University, Lomonosova Street ⁹, ¹⁹¹00², Saint-Petersburg, Russia; *Correspondence: frack@mail.ru

Abstract:

The objective of this research was to develop the technology and composition of soft cheese made from concentrated skimmed milk by ultrafiltration with a low concentration factor. UF enables reduction in the quantities of starter, rennet, colorants, and cheese making costs per vat. The use of UF milk appeal to lactose intolerant consumers because of the low lactose levels in the product. Ultrafiltration was carried out using polyethersulfone membranes. Jerusalem potato and carrot were chosen as vegetable ingredients. Since the soft cheese was made from skimmed milk retentate, there was a necessity to compensate the lack of fat. In this research the impact of orange fiber on organoleptic qualities was determined. For imparting mouthcoating, creaminess, and providing for an even meltaway effect in the mouth CITRI–FI ¹00 FG (pure orange fiber), CITRI–FI ²00 FG (orange fiber with guar gum), CITRI–FI ³00 FG (orange fiber with xanthan gum) were chosen. Application of CITRI–FI ²00 FG and CITRI–FI ³00 FG enables the production of high quality curd only up to certain concentrations, which do not have a significant impact on the organoleptic qualities of soft cheese. The use of CITRI–FI ¹00 FG enables to get firm curd and can at the same time create organoleptic properties of a fat-containing product in the finished soft cheese. Thus, on the basis of data CITRI–FI ¹00 FG is recommended to use for manufacturing soft cheese where mouthfeel is needed. Optimal concentrations of CITRI–FI ¹00 FG were determined.

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