Tag Archives: sugars

427-432 K. Laos , E. Kirs , R. Pall and K. Martverk
The Crystallization Behaviour of Estonian Honeys
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The Crystallization Behaviour of Estonian Honeys

K. Laos¹ ², E. Kirs¹ ², R. Pall¹ and K. Martverk¹

¹Department of Food Processing, Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, EE12086 Tallinn, Estonia; e-mails: katrin.laos@ttu.ee; evelinkirs@gmail.com; praili@hotmail.com; kaie.martverk@ttu.ee
²Competence Center of Food and Fermentation Technologies, Akadeemia tee 15B, EE12618 Tallinn, Estonia

Abstract:

The feasibility of water activity and viscosity measurement was studied to characterize the isothermal crystallization of Estonian honeys. In parallel, samples were observed by light microscopy. The most important phenomenon for crystallization is the fructose/glucose ratio in favour of glucose. The increase in water activity and viscosity was noticed during crystallization. Polarized light microscopy was more sensitive than water activity or viscosity for determining the crystallization time.

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31–36 M. Jalakas, K. Kelt and K. Karp
The yield and fruit quality of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) after rejuvenation cutting
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The yield and fruit quality of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) after rejuvenation cutting

M. Jalakas¹, K. Kelt² and K. Karp¹

¹Institute of Horticulture, Estonian Agricultural University, Kreutzwaldi 64, 51014 Tartu, Estonia; e-mail: kkarp@eau.ee
²Polli Horticultural Institute of the Estonian Agricultural University, 69104 Karksi-Nuia, Estonia; e-mail: asta@pai.neti.ee

Abstract:

The yield and fruit quality of 6 sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) cultivars of a Moscow breeding programme were studied at the Rõhu Experimental Station in South Estonia. The chemical contents of fruits of sea buckthorn were analysed after 3 months of cold-storage at –18°C. ‘Trofimovskaya’ appeared to have more sugars (2.9%) than the other cultivars. ‘Otradnaya’ had the lowest acid content (2.1%). ‘Vorobjevskaya’, ‘Trofimovskaya’ and ‘Otradnaya’ had higher ascorbic acid contents (about 65 mg/100 g) than the other tested cultivars. ‘Vorobjevskaya’ gave the highest yield (9.6 kg/tree) in the 3rd year after cutting down the trees to 2.5 m height. In the following year, the yield of the experiment was significantly higher, whereas cultivars Trofimovskaya and Botanicheskaya had the biggest yields.

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