Tag Archives: transit

585-595 M. Lukeš, M. Kotek and M. Růžička
The energy consumption of public transit under rural and suburban conditions
Abstract |
Full text PDF (739 kB)

The energy consumption of public transit under rural and suburban conditions

M. Lukeš*, M. Kotek and M. Růžička

¹Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Engineering, Kamýcká 129, CZ16521 Prague, Czech Republic; *Correspondence: lukesm@tf.czu.cz

Abstract:

The aim of paper is to investigate an energy consumption of public transit focused on regular commuting from suburban locations. Surveyed suburban settlements have become a part of ‘urban sprawl’ process in the suburbanized hinterland of Prague’s city. The transport links are strongly influenced by the catchment area of Prague’s city that has a dominant position in surveyed region and the most of the existing transport links are carried out in relation to the Prague’s city on radially oriented roads. The traffic intensities are often on a roads’ full capacity during peak hours or the roads are even congested alongside a ride to the city. The 10 suburban settlements were selected for the purpose of the fuel consumption investigation. Authors have focused on the journeys carried out during the morning peak hours of the ordinary working days when the transport demands are saturated. The fuel consumption investigation has involved the journeys by public transit (commuter bus) and by passenger car. Obtained results have proved possibilities of significant fuel consumption savings under condition that the bus transit preference would be effectively used. The energy efficiency of bus public transit allows to achieve the similar energy consumption per passenger as an ordinary passenger car has at a low occupancy rate of bus.

Key words:

, , , ,




585-595 M. Lukeš, M. Kotek and M. Růžička
The energy consumption of public transit under rural and suburban conditions
Abstract |
Full text PDF (739 kB)

The energy consumption of public transit under rural and suburban conditions

M. Lukeš*, M. Kotek and M. Růžička

¹Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Engineering, Kamýcká 129, CZ16521 Prague, Czech Republic; *Correspondence: lukesm@tf.czu.cz

Abstract:

The aim of paper is to investigate an energy consumption of public transit focused on regular commuting from suburban locations. Surveyed suburban settlements have become a part of ‘urban sprawl’ process in the suburbanized hinterland of Prague’s city. The transport links are strongly influenced by the catchment area of Prague’s city that has a dominant position in surveyed region and the most of the existing transport links are carried out in relation to the Prague’s city on radially oriented roads. The traffic intensities are often on a roads’ full capacity during peak hours or the roads are even congested alongside a ride to the city. The 10 suburban settlements were selected for the purpose of the fuel consumption investigation. Authors have focused on the journeys carried out during the morning peak hours of the ordinary working days when the transport demands are saturated. The fuel consumption investigation has involved the journeys by public transit (commuter bus) and by passenger car. Obtained results have proved possibilities of significant fuel consumption savings under condition that the bus transit preference would be effectively used. The energy efficiency of bus public transit allows to achieve the similar energy consumption per passenger as an ordinary passenger car has at a low occupancy rate of bus.

Key words:

, , , ,




351-358 M. Lukeš, M. Kotek and M. Růžička
Transport demands in suburbanized locations
Abstract |
Full text PDF (939 kB)

Transport demands in suburbanized locations

M. Lukeš*, M. Kotek and M. Růžička

Faculty of Engineering, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, ¹⁶⁵ ²¹ Prague ⁶ –Suchdol, Czech Republic;
*Correspondence: lukesm@tf.czu.cz

Abstract:

The aim of this paper is to describe the suburban residents’ transport demands from the viewpoint of consumption costs in the case of regular commuting. The surveyed suburbs have different transport patterns, because these suburbs are influenced by the catchment area of the city of Prague that is a dominant city of the region, and many of the suburban settlements do not behave as traditional municipalities. Most of the existing transport links are carried out in relation to the city of Prague on radially oriented roads. The traffic intensity is often at the roads’ full capacity or the roads are even congested along the ride to the city. These congestions have a negative impact on the city’s environment and increase the consumption costs of passenger car transport as well. This contribution describes the transport demands based on the traffic surveys that were carried out within ¹⁵ suburban settlements during the morning peak hours and during ordinary working days. These selected settlements are located at different distances from the city and include different types of buildings and build-up areas. Thus, the authors gained a high quality sample for statistical assessment. On the basis of traffic surveys, the authors found the total amount of transport demands which were generated by selected settlements. The obtained results have proved the low competitiveness of public transport in suburban conditions from the viewpoint of travelling speed and transport costs as well, because there are no competitive advantages in this issue.

Key words:

, , , ,