Tag Archives: Turkey

435–443 F. Konukcu, S. Albut and B. Alturk
Land use/land cover change modelling of Ergene River Basin in western Turkey using CORINE land use/land cover data
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Land use/land cover change modelling of Ergene River Basin in western Turkey using CORINE land use/land cover data

F. Konukcu¹*, S. Albut¹ and B. Alturk²

¹NamikKemal University, Faculty of Agriculture, Biosystem Engineering Department, TR59030 Tekirdag, TURKEY
²Namik Kemal University, Vocational School of Technical Sciences, TR59030 Tekirdag, TURKEY
*Correspondence: fkonukcu@nku.edu.tr

Abstract:

Land use planning is a useful tool to find a balance among the competing and sometimes contradictory uses in order to achieve food security, economic growth, energy supply, nature conversation and other objectives. In this study, modelling land use/land cover change of Ergene River Basin in Western Turkey between the years of 1990 and 2012 was investigated. The CORINE land use/landcover data and ArcGIS software were used to detect land use/land cover change between the years, 1990–2000, 2000–2006 and 2006–2012. As a results, the artificial area (including settlement area and industrial zone) and water bodies increased by 39.4% and 47.9%, due to industrial development and new reservoirs construction, respectively, while wetlands and agricultural areas decreased by 1.1%, 1.0% and 32.1%, respectively. The change in the agricultural areas into industrial area corresponds to about 13,00 hectares, which is considered threatening not only natural resources but also food security since the basin has the most productive arable land of Turkey.

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024-032 M.F. Baran and O. Gökdoğan
Energy balance in production of chickpea in Turkey: A study performed in Adıyaman Province
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Energy balance in production of chickpea in Turkey: A study performed in Adıyaman Province

M.F. Baran¹* and O. Gökdoğan²

¹Department of Energy Systems Engineering, Faculty of Technology, University of Adıyaman, TR02040 Adıyaman, Turkey
²Department of Biosystem Engineering, Faculty of Engineering-Architecture, University of Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, TR50300 Nevşehir, Turkey
*Correspondence: mbaran@adiyaman.edu.tr

Abstract:

In this study, it has been aimed to form the energy balance in the production of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Adıyaman province of Turkey. The material of the research consists of the chickpea enterprises in the center of Adıyaman province in the scope of the production season of 2015–2016. In this study, the number of enterprises for which is required to be made the study has been computed as 67 according to the simple random sampling method. Survey and observation studies have carried out in these designated enterprises. The energy equivalence of the chickpea samples taken from the enterprises has been determined by the calorimeter device. According to results of the study; the total energy input has been computed as 12,225.69 MJ ha-1 and the total energy output has been computed as 31,527.52 MJ ha-1. The energy inputs in the production of chickpea have been 3,575.69 MJ ha-1 (29.25%), 3,523.08 MJ ha-1 (28.82%), 3,280.32 MJ ha-1 (26.83%), 1,230.39 MJ ha-1 (10.07%), 358.20 MJ ha-1 (2.93%), 131.52 MJ ha-1 (1.08%) and 126.50 MJ ha-1 (1.03%) as fuel energy, chemical fertilizers energy, seed energy, machinery energy, farmyard manure energy, human labour energy and chemicals energy inputs, respectively. In this study, indicators showing the energy ratio, specific energy, energy productivity and net energy were determined as 2.58, 7.07 MJ kg-1, 0.14 kg MJ-1 and 19,301.83 MJ ha-1, respectively. According to the results of the study, it is clear that chickpea production is an economical production for the 2015–2016 production seasons.

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1307-1320 M. Keskin and Y.E. Sekerli
Awareness and adoption of precision agriculture in the Cukurova region of Turkey
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Awareness and adoption of precision agriculture in the Cukurova region of Turkey

M. Keskin* and Y.E. Sekerli

Department of Biosystems Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University, TR 31040 Antakya, Hatay, Turkey
*Correspondence: keskin@mku.edu.tr, mkeskinhatay@gmail.com

Abstract:

Adoption of precision agriculture (PA) technologies has an increasing trend in developed countries. However, it is not well known in developing countries including Turkey. No study was reported on the awareness of PA in Turkey before. The objectives of this study were to assess the awareness of PA in the Cukurova region of Turkey using an interview survey study and also to briefly inform each survey participant about these technologies. The study was conducted with 164 participants that were agricultural engineers, farm equipment dealers and farmers. 90.2% of all participants reported that they followed new trends in agriculture. However, 51.8% of all participants indicated that they did not hear the term ‘PA’ before. Only 29.3% of the participants who heard the term ‘PA’ knew its concept. Internet was the most important means to gather information on new technologies. Most three well-known technologies by all participants were satellite positioning (GPS) (81.7%), geographical information systems (GIS) (69.5%) and remote sensing (61.0%) as the least known two ones were variable rate application (33.5%) and soil sampling and mapping (34.8%). In addition, a training brochure was handed out to each participant and the PA technologies were explained. 97.6% of the participants expressed that these technologies would be somehow beneficial for agriculture in Turkey. 88.4% of the participants wanted to get more detailed training on these technologies. Also, information on recent developments in the adoption of PA technologies is included in the paper.

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