Evaluation of Protein Composition of Game Meat in Latvian Farms and Wildlife
Research institute of Biotechnology and Veterinary medicine ‘Sigra’ of Latvian University of Agriculture, Institute str. 1, Sigulda, LV 2150, Latvia, e-mail: email@example.com
The meat of wild animals is highly favourable for human health because it has lower SFA content than domestic animals but higher protein content. In recent years consumption and assortment of game meat products has significantly increased. Deer farms are being established. There have been few investigations of the biochemical composition of game meat, therefore, the aim of the investigation was to evaluate protein composition of game meat in Latvian farms and wildlife. The investigations were carried out in different regions of Latvia. The chemical analyses of 76 samples were made, i.e. wild deer (18), farm deer (12), roe deer (16), elk (18), wild boar (12) meat samples were collected after hunting in the Vidzeme and Latgale regions of Latvia. Protein, amino acids and the content of connective tissue (4-hidroxiproline) were determined in the studied samples. Protein protein ranged from 22.21–23.59%. The content of connective tissue ranged from 2.22% in elk meat up to 3.09% in roe deer. The sum of essential amino acids in game meat samples was determined from 27.06–45.70 g 100 g−1. Elk meat had the highest protein content and lowest content of connective tissues among the game meat.