Environmental consequences of anaerobic digestion of manure with different co-substrates to produce bioenergy: A review of life cycle assessments
Estonian University of Life Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 1, EE51014 Tartu, Estonia; *Correspondence: email@example.com
Consequential life cycle assessment approach is needed to assess the environmental impacts of increase in biogas production. To see the full impacts of anaerobic co-digestion all possible environmental consequences caused by this change, i.e. the impacts of changed management and possible substitution impacts of substrates, should be taken into account. Generally anaerobic digestion of manure shows great environmental benefit instead of managing it conventionally, especially for the global warming potential. Environmental performance of co-digestion depends strongly on the initial use of the substrate. Co-digestion with wastes/residues has a great potential to produce bioenergy and reduce global warming potential. Co-digestion with land dependant special energy crops increases the bioenergy output but also increases the environmental impacts due to the need to substitute the substrate and thus should be avoided or limited.