Tag Archives: Essential oil

xxx O.V. Shelepova, L.S. Olekhnovich, L.N. Konovalova, T.I. Khusnetdinova3, A.A. Gulevich and E.N. Baranova
Assessment of essential oil yield in three mint species in the climatic conditions of Central Russia
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Assessment of essential oil yield in three mint species in the climatic conditions of Central Russia

O.V. Shelepova¹*, L.S. Olekhnovich¹, L.N. Konovalova¹², T.I. Khusnetdinova3, A.A. Gulevich² and E.N. Baranova¹²*

¹N.V. Tsitsin Main Botanical Garden of Russian Academy of Sciences, RU127276 Moscow, Russia
²All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, RU127550 Moscow, Russia ³Faculty of Soil Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory 1/12, RU119234 Moscow, Russia
*Correspondence: shov_gbsad@mail.ru; greenpro2007@rambler.ru

Abstract:

The aim of the study was to study the harvest time for the essential oil yield and its qualitative composition in three species of mint Mentha piperita L. (Peppermint), M. spicata L. (Spearmint) and M. arvensis var. piperascens Malinv. ex. Holmes (Sakhalinmint). In 2018, the research was performed with plants of second year of vegetation in the Laboratory of Plant Physiology and Immunity of the NV Tsitsin Main Botanical Garden of the RAS. As a result, it was found that the optimal harvest period for Sakhalinmint and Peppermint should be recommended in a phase of mass flowering: the yield of fresh raw materials was 509–479 g m-2, air-dry raw materials – 110–107 g m-2; the content of essential oil in the aboveground part (a mixture of leaves and inflorescences) of plants – 3.24–4.01%; the proportion of the main component of essential oil (menthol) – 57.3–50.2%. In Spearmint, the optimum time for harvesting is the phase of budding. The content of the main component of essential oil (carvon) was maximum – 67.9%, and the yield of essential oil was 2.6%, while the yield was 381 g m-2 of fresh raw materials (81.9 g m-2 of air-dry raw materials) at harvesting in this ontogenesis stage. Analysis of the secretory apparatus parameters on a surface of some green tissues in three mint species showed that the maximum density of secretory glands on both sides of the leaf is characteristic of peppermint, which provides a higher yield of essential oil in this type of mint. The study allowed determining the optimal harvesting time for highly productive mint species when they are grown in the conditions of Central Russia. The raw materials of these mint species can be used for the production of essential oils and are of interest for pharmacology and the perfume and cosmetics industry.

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648–658 O.M. Zolotilova, N.V. Nevkrytaya, W.A. Zolotilov, E.D. Ametova, O.B. Scipor and G.D. Kravchenko
Analysis of the Foeniculum vulgare Mill. collection by the complex of features in the conditions of the Crimea foothills
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Analysis of the Foeniculum vulgare Mill. collection by the complex of features in the conditions of the Crimea foothills

O.M. Zolotilova, N.V. Nevkrytaya*, W.A. Zolotilov, E.D. Ametova, O.B. Scipor and G.D. Kravchenko

Research Institute of Agriculture of Crimea, 150 Kievskaya street, RU295493 Simferopol, Russia
*Correspondence:nevkritaya@mail.ru

Abstract:

Foeniculum vulgare Mill. is a valuable essential oil plant, which raw materials and derived products, and, above all, essential oil, are widely used in the perfume and cosmetics, liquor, paint and varnish industries, in the food industry and medicine. The source material for cultivated plants selection, including F. vulgare, is the collections of the gene pool. The objective of this study was a comparative study of F. vulgare samples collection by the complex of features to clarify the possibility of identifying sources of economically valuable characteristics for creating promising breeding material. The study of the F. vulgare collection supported by the Research Institute of Agriculture of Crimea, which includes 75 samples rom 28 countries, was conducted in 2017–2019 at an experimental base located in the Crimea Foothills (Krymskaya Roza village, Belogorsky district). The collection samples were analyzed according to morphobiological parameters and productivity indicators. The work was guided by generally accepted methods, including those developed for essential oil plants. Statistical processing of the obtained data was carried out. The wide variability of the collection is shown, according to individual indicators (variation coefficients – from 8.3 to 54.4%). In this way, the mass fraction of essential oil (one of the most important indicators) varies within a wide range in the collection – from 1.09 to 3.86% (of absolutely dry mass) in whole plants and from 4.16 to 8.53% in fruits. The composition of the essential oil depends on the raw material. The anethole content reaches 80% in fruit oil, and the content of fenchone and terpene compounds is increased during the plant processing. The results of the collection analysis are basic, allowing preliminary sampling with high productivity indicators for inclusion in breeding studies.

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216–227 N.V. Nevkrytаya, V.S. Pashtetsky, I.A. Novikov, N.N. Petrishina, A.V. Mishnev and A.I. Repetskaya
Analysis of the selective value of promising Melissa officinalis L. subsp. altissima (Smith.) Arcang variety
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Analysis of the selective value of promising Melissa officinalis L. subsp. altissima (Smith.) Arcang variety

N.V. Nevkrytаya¹, V.S. Pashtetsky¹, I.A. Novikov¹, N.N. Petrishina¹, A.V. Mishnev¹ and A.I. Repetskaya²

¹Research Institute of Agriculture of Crimea (RIAC), 150 Kievskaya str., 295493 Simferopol, Republic of Crimea
²V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Prospekt Vernadskogo 4, 295007 Simferopol, Republic of Crimea
*Correspondence: nevkritaya@mail.ru

Abstract:

The aim of this research was to study a promising MD 1–17 Melissa officinalis L. subsp. altissima (Smith.) Arcang. variety sample obtained in the collection of the gene pool of the Research Institute of Agriculture of Crimea (RIAC) in comparison with Krymchanka (selected in the RIAC) and Lada (selected in the All-Russian research Institute of medicinal and aromatic plants (VILAR) varieties of lemon balm M. officinalis L. subsp. officinalis. In 2017–2019, in the Department of Essential Oil and Medicinal Plants of the RIAC,a competitive variety trial of lemon balm varieties was conducted in accordance with the methodological recommendations for the selection of essential-oil plants. A territory where this study was conducted belongs to one of the five agroclimatic regions – the upper piedmont, warm, not enough humid; to the northern subarea with moderately mild winters. Weather conditions during the years of competitive variety trial varied significantlya fact that allowed assessing the adaptability of studied variety samples and forecasting the nature of productivity potential realization in different growing conditions. As a result, it was found that MD 1–17 variety sample significantly exceeds other varieties in terms of yield of fresh raw materials, on average, by 62.2 and 77.4%, and in yield of air-dried raw materials, on average, by 32.2 and 52.2%, respectively. In terms of obtaining essential oil from air-dried raw materials, this variety sample exceeds the best in this parameter Crimean variety Krymchanka by 56.3%. Basic components of its essential oil are caryophyllene (25.3–35.9%) and germacrene D (17.7–31.2%) with almost complete absence or insignificant amount of citral (0.1–7.3%); the proportion of latter in essential oils of Krymchanka and Lada varieties can reach 36.6% or more. Novelty of this study includes the creation of the first variety of a new promising essential oil plant –M. altissima. Raw materials of this variety and products of its processing may be of interest for different ways of use, including the perfumery and cosmetics industry, for food purposes as a component of tea compositions, etc.

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2064–2070 I. Sivicka, A. Adamovics, S. Ivanovs and E. Osinska
Some morphological and chemical characteristics of oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) in Latvia
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Some morphological and chemical characteristics of oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) in Latvia

I. Sivicka¹*, A. Adamovics¹, S. Ivanovs¹ and E. Osinska²

¹Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Liela iela 2, LV-3001 Jelgava, Latvia
²Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159, PL02-776 Warsaw, Poland
*Correspondence: Irina.Sivicka@llu.lv

Abstract:

By European Cooperative Programme for Plant Genetic Resources (ECPGR), oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) is included on the list of priority species of medicinal and aromatic plants. In Latvia, it is important to cultivate oregano for keeping biodiversity and for meeting the needs of medicinal plant`s production. 44 accessions of oregano from the ex situ collection of genetic resources of medicinal and aromatic plants, attached to the Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, were analysed during 2012–2014. Plants` morphological characteristics were described by the Draft Descriptor List of oregano, using the methodology of ECPGR. The essential oil was isolated using solvent-free microwave extraction method and analysed by gas chromatograph Hewlett Packard 6890 equipped with flame ionization detector FID and polar capillary column HP 20M. The results showed, that oregano accessions differ morphologically. Accessions are characterized with dense branching and the possibility to create big biomass. Local oregano is poor in content of essential oil, but 17 compounds were identified as the principal. As well as the correlation between the content of essential oil and colour of flowers in full flowering stage was observed – it is higher for accessions with dark flowers. Also, the influence of meteorological conditions per vegetation period (year) on chemical characteristics was significant (p < 0.05).

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1530-1547 K. Bahmani, A. Izadi Darbandi, D. Faleh Alfekaiki and M. Sticklen
Phytochemical Diversity of Fennel landraces from Various Growth Types and Origins
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Phytochemical Diversity of Fennel landraces from Various Growth Types and Origins

K. Bahmani¹, A. Izadi Darbandi¹*, D. Faleh Alfekaiki² and M. Sticklen³

¹Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding Sciences, Aburaihan College, University of Tehran, IR 14174 Tehran, Iran
²Department of Food Sciences, Agriculture College, Basrah University, IQ 61004 Basrah, Iraq
³Department of Plant, Soil and Microbiology Sciences, Michigan State University, US 48823 East Lansing, USA
*Correspondence: aizady@ut.ac.ir

Abstract:

The presence of certain secondary metabolites in fennel essential oil is the cause of its pharmacological and flavoring properties. In this study phytochemical diversity including essential oil content and compositions of 26 fennel landraces from various growth types and geographical originations were assessed. Essential oil content of the fennel landraces varied from 1.1 to 4.8%; with late and medium maturities showing higher essential oil contents than early maturities. According to the Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GCMS) results, the main essential oil components were trans-anethole (1.2–88.4%), methyl chavicol (0.2–59.1%), fenchone (1.1–14.7%) and limonene (5.3–15.7%). According to the clustering results, it was noticed that all the fennel landraces originated from arid climates were trans-anethole chemotype with an average concentration of 76%. The early and late maturity fennels from humid climates were methyl chavicol chemotype with an average concentration of 54%. The late maturities from humid and moderate climates were fenchone chemotypes with 12% concentration, and finally the early and late maturities from semi-arid climates were limonene chemotype with 12% concentration. Our results confirm that climate is a major evolutionary determining factor on the phytochemical diversity of fennel landraces.

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