Tag Archives: fertilization

811-822 D.Kostova, M.Kamburova
Determination of manganese with crystal violet in plant material in different fertilization
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Determination of manganese with crystal violet in plant material in different fertilization

D.Kostova, M.Kamburova

Agricultural University – Plovdiv
12, Mendeleev Str., 4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria
E-mail: deny_kostova@yahoo.com

Abstract:

A study in a multiple-factor stationary field experiment with 16 variants NPK on background with and without annual fertilization with manure was carried out at the Agricultural University in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. The manganese content in the roots of radishes, cultivar Red with white tails, was determined by a new extraction-photometric method with Crystal Violet. The ion-associate of manganese (VII) was completely extracted in a single extraction of only 30 s. The molar absorptivity of the associate was (1.54 ± 0.05) x 104 l mol-1 cm-1. This indicates the high sensitivity of the given reaction. Manganese has been determined by atomic-absorption method, too, in order to compare the results. It was established that fertilization has an effect upon the manganese content in the roots of radishes. The roots of radishes accumulate the highest level of manganese 116.25 mg/kg in a mineral fertilization N:P:K = 3:2:1 with 40 t/ha manure. The relationship between yield and manganese content in radish roots under the influence of fertilization has been established.

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27-35 L. Buskienė and N. Uselis
The influence of nitrogen and potassium fertilizers on the growth and yield of raspberries cv. ‘Polana’
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The influence of nitrogen and potassium fertilizers on the growth and yield of raspberries cv. ‘Polana’

L. Buskienė¹ and N. Uselis²

¹Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture, LT–-54333 Babtai, Kaunas distr., Lithuania; e-mail:institutas@lsdi.lt
²Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture, LT–-54333 Babtai, Kaunas distr., Lithuania; e-mail:n.uselis@lsdi.lt

Abstract:

The experiment was carried out from 1998–2001 at the Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture, according to the scheme: N60 (control); N60K90; N90; N90K130; N120; N120K180; N150;N150K240. The soil was Epicalcari – Endohypogleic cambisol, clay loam, containing 7.2% oforganic matter, 140 mg kg-1 P2O5, 125 mg kg-1 K2O, 11900 mg kg-1 CaO, 3040 mg kg-1 MgO,pHKCl –7.3.Primocane raspberries cv. ‘Polana’ fertilized with the largest amount of nitrogen fertilizers(N150) produced 20% more primocanes in comparison with the control (N60). Potassiumfertilizers increased the diameter of raspberry stems – fertilizing them with N120K180 stemdiameter resulted in an increase of 5.3%, with N90K130 and by 4.2% with N150K240 incomparison with the control.Primocane raspberries cv. ‘Polana’ fertilized with N120K180 gave the highest yieldincrement – 2.5 t ha-1, and, with N60K90 – 2.4 t ha-1 – in comparison with those fertilized onlywith nitrogen fertilizers (N60).When the rate of nitrogen fertilizers was increased from 60 to 90–150 kg ha-1, the nitrogencontent in the soil increased by approximately 25%. When the rate of potassium fertilizers was increased from 90 to 240 kg ha-1, potassium content in the soil increased to 33%. The content of potassium in raspberry cv. ‘Polana’ leaves significantly increased when fertilizing only with the highest rates of potassium fertilizers (N120K180 – N150K240) – by 12.1–19.7% – in comparisonwith control (N60).

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