Tag Archives: food security

xxx V.Yu. Chernova and B.A. Kheyfets
China food security assessment
Abstract |
Full text PDF (963 KB)

China food security assessment

V.Yu. Chernova¹²* and B.A. Kheyfets³⁴

¹People’s Friendships University of Russia, Moscow, Russia, Faculty of Economics, Department of International Economic Relations, 6 Miklukho-Maklaya Str., RU117198 Moscow, Russia
²2State University of Management, Institute of Marketing, 99 Ryazanskiy Prospect, RU109542 Moscow, Russia
³Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 32 Nakhimovskiy Prospect, RU117218 Moscow, Russia
⁴Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, 49 Leningradsky Prospekt, RU125993 Moscow, Russia
*Correspondence: veronika.urievna@mail.ru

Abstract:

Ensuring food security is a strategic goal of any state, especially in the face of population growth. A review of the academic literature showed the presence of problems in ensuring a high level of food security in China: the rigidity of demand for food, limited land resources, structural contradictions between supply and demand. This study proposes an approach to assessing the level of food security, based on the calculation of an integral index consisting of four units of indicators: the sub-index of provision of crop products, the sub-index of productivity, the sub-index of provision of livestock products, and the sub-index of food import dependence. The results show that, in general, the level of food security in China has increased over the period under review, but there are problems in self-sufficiency in crop and dairy products, as well as in an increase in food import dependence. A forecast of the dynamics of the integral index of the food security level and its sub-indices was constructed, which showed that a decrease in the integral index might occur due to a decrease in self-sufficiency in livestock products and import dependence, while the availability of crop products and yields will increase. The study showed that the measures taken by the Chinese government led to some positive changes, but it is necessary to take a comprehensive approach to this problem, to solve which it is necessary to use the potential of all sectors of the food industry.

Key words:

, , , , ,




629–637 K.A. Zhichkin, V.V. Nosov, L.N. Zhichkina, I.A. Ramazanov, I.A. Kotyazhov and I.A. Abdulragimov
The food security concept as the state support basis for agriculture
Abstract |

The food security concept as the state support basis for agriculture

K.A. Zhichkin¹*, V.V. Nosov²⁶, L.N. Zhichkina³, I.A. Ramazanov⁴, I.A. Kotyazhov⁵ and I.A. Abdulragimov²

¹Samara State Agrarian University, Faculty of Economics, Department of Economic Theory and Economics of AIC, 2 Uchebnaja street, RU446552 Kinel, Russia
²K.G. Razumovsky Moscow State University of technologies and management, Institute of Economics, Management and Law, Department of Accounting and Corporate Finance, 73 Zemlyanoy val, RU109004 Moscow, Russia
³Samara State Agrarian University, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Land Management, Soil Science and Agrochemistry, 2 Uchebnaja street, RU446552 Kinel, Russia
⁴Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Faculty of Economics of Trade and Commodity Science, Basic Department of Trade Policy, 36 Stremyanny lane, RU117997, Moscow Russia
⁵K.G. Razumovsky Moscow State University of technologies and management, Institute of Economics, Management and Law, Department of Criminal Law Disciplines, 73 Zemlyanoy val, RU109004 Moscow, Russia
⁶Peoples' Friendship University, Agrarian Technological Institute, 6 Miklouho-Maclay Str., RU117198 Moscow, Russia
*Correspondence: zskirill@mail.ru

Abstract:

The article discusses the problem of the country (territory) food security formation and its relationship with the state support size for agriculture. The work purpose is to determine the features of the food security formation in the Samara region and the relationship with the state support size for agricultural production in the region. Within this study framework, it is necessary to solve the following tasks: – study the features of the food security concept and its application in the Samara region conditions; – the optimal parameters of the region’s self-sufficiency determination in food products; – establishing a link between food security and the optimal amount of state support for the agro-industrial complex. Taking into account only the data on the region self-sufficiency, the region produces a sufficient amount of potatoes and vegetables. Comparing these indicators with rational consumption rates, it can be seen that the residents’ demand for agricultural products is provided mainly by potatoes, the consumption of which is 1.5 times higher than the rational. The subsidies existing system in the Samara region is not optimal from the point of view for ensuring food security, which indicates either the underfunding of the production for both these and other product groups. In 2017–2018 the amount of state support, based on the above calculations, had to be increased by at least 100–500 million rubles.

Key words:

, , , ,




1837-1853 R. Põldaru, A.-H. Viira and J. Roots
Optimization of arable land use to guarantee food security in Estonia
Abstract |
Full text PDF (881 KB)

Optimization of arable land use to guarantee food security in Estonia

R. Põldaru*, A.-H. Viira and J. Roots

Estonian University of Life Sciences, Institute of Economics and Social Sciences, Department of Business Informatics and Econometrics, Fr. R. Kreutzwaldi 1, EE51006 Tartu, Estonia
*Correspondence: Reet.Poldaru@emu.ee

Abstract:

Agricultural and food sector has an important role to play in ensuring food security. A competitive agricultural sector warrants food security through increasing level of self-sufficiency in food, and export of surplus production in the sub-branches where it has a comparative advantage. One of the strategic tasks of the state is to secure food supply for the population. To perform this task, the state should estimate if the agricultural producers have the necessary capacity and resources to produce food to meet the needs of population. Mathematical modelling can be used as a tool in solving this analytical problem. The paper demonstrates possibilities of implementing linear programming model in optimizing the use of arable land for ensuring the food demand of Estonian population. The Estonian arable land use optimization model is essentially a static balancing model that simulates the demand and supply of basic food products (meat, dairy products, cereal products and potatoes). The basis for the demand side in the model is Estonian population, divided into 10 groups according to gender and age. The energy and protein needs of the respective population groups are taken into account. The supply side of the model is a typical agricultural production model that guarantees the consistency of crop and livestock farming. The model consists of 163 variables and 178 constraints (equations). The objective of the model is to minimize the use of arable land for field crops to ensure fodder for animal feed, and food for human food consumption. The model is used to analyse various land use strategies. According to the modelling results for ensuring food security of Estonia and to maintain export of dairy products, for which Estonia has a comparative advantage, in the 2016 volume, the total optimal arable land equals to 490,688 ha. There should be 83,600 dairy cows (with average milk yield 9,000 kg cow-1). It is necessary to grow 755,700 piglets per year in order to secure 40 kg of pork per inhabitant. Land use optimization results indicate that Estonian agriculture is able to supply Estonian people with the minimum necessary main food products to guarantee food security, and allows to export essential products (cheese, butter, skimmed milk powder, whole milk powder).

Key words:

, , ,