Effect of lovage phenolics to formation of acrylamide in French fries
¹Latvia University of Agriculture, Department of Food Technology, St. Rigas 22, LV-3004 Jelgava, Latvia
²Institute of Agricultural Resources and Economics, St. Zinatnes 2, LV-4126 Priekuli, Latvia
One of the novel methods for reduction of acrylamide in food is application of plant phenolics in technological process of Latvian plants as lovage contain significant amounts of plant phenolics and other natural antioxidants. The aim of current research was to determine the effect of lovage extracts to the formation of acrylamide in French fries. Variety ’Lenora’ potatoes were used. Potatoes were sliced and blanched in hot water (85 ± 2 °C 8 min). After blanching samples were treated with lovage water and ethanol extracts and four samples were obtained: control (without additional treatment); SW – sprayed with water extract, IMW – immersed in water extract, SE sprayed with ethanol extract. After treatment all samples were fried in oil (180 ± 2 °C) for 7 minutes. Total phenolic (TPC), vitamin C content and antioxidant activity (DPPH and ABTS) were determined for all samples before and after frying. For fried potatoes acrylamide and breaking force with texture analyser were determined. TPC of samples during frying decreased significantly but comparing fried samples the highest TPC in SE sample was determined. The highest DPPH radical scavenging activity was observed in samples treated with water extract but during frying the DPPH activity for all treated samples was lower than to control sample. The most significant changes in ABTS radical scavenging activity were observed and also the highest activity of sample SE was observed. Vitamin C content decreased significantly during frying, the highest vitamin C content in SE sample was determined. The highest maximal breaking force of fried potatoes was detected for sample IMW, but the lowest for sample SE. The lowest acrylamide content was found in sample, which was sprayed with lovage-water extract.