Tag Archives: NDVI

xxx I. Alsiņa, L. Dubova, M. Dūma, I. Erdberga, I. Augšpole, D. Sergejeva and A. Avotiņš
Lighting source as cause of changes in cucumbers’ physiology and morphology
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Lighting source as cause of changes in cucumbers’ physiology and morphology

I. Alsiņa¹*, L. Dubova¹, M. Dūma², I. Erdberga¹, I. Augšpole¹, D. Sergejeva¹ and A. Avotiņš³

¹Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Faculty of Agriculture, Institute of Plant and Soil Science, Liela street 2, LV-3001 Jelgava, Latvia
²Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Faculty of Food Technology, Department of Chemistry, Liela street 2, LV-3001 Jelgava, Latvia
³Riga Technical University, Faculty of Power and Electrical Engineering, Kaļķu street 1, LV-1658 Riga, Latvia
*Correspondence: Ina.Alsina@llu.lv

Abstract:

The demand of fresh fruits and vegetables is growing. Therefore cultivation of them is essential all year round. The growth in the dark period of a year is not imaginable without artificial lighting sources. Therefore the experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of three different lighting sources on the growth of cucumbers at the early stages of development. Plants were grown in the polycarbonate greenhouse under three different lighting sources: Led cob Helle top LED 280, induction lamp and high pressure sodium lamp Helle magna. Cucumbers were grown in 16h photoperiod with PAR at the tips of plants 200 ± 20 μmol m-2 s-1. Plant growth parameters, specific leaf area, pigments, phenols and flavonoids content in leaves, leaf light reflection parameters were determined. Results showed that cucumber plants grown under Led cob Helle top LED 280 in average were smaller, with less chlorophyll, carotenoids and phenols, but leaves have higher chlorophyll a and b ratio and specific leaf area in comparison with traditionally used in greenhouses High Pressure Sodium Lamps (HPSL). Cucumber plants grown under Induction lamp in average were shorter, but with larger leaf area, with higher chlorophyll and carotenoids content, but decreased phenols content in comparison with HPSL. Lichtenthaler index 1 (LIC1) and NDVI are useful for assessing the physiological state of cucumber plants. Despite the fact that the plants grow well and develop normally under all lamps, the results show that sodium lamps are the most suitable for cucumbers. Further research is needed to adjust LED lighting for cucumber cultivation.

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1636–1645 K. Křížová and J. Kumhálová
Comparison of selected remote sensing sensors for crop yield variability estimation
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Comparison of selected remote sensing sensors for crop yield variability estimation

K. Křížová¹* and J. Kumhálová²

¹Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Agricultural Machines, Kamýcká 129, CZ165 21 Prague, Czech Republic
²Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Machinery Utilization, Kamýcká 129, CZ165 21 Prague, Czech Republic
*Correspondence: krizovak@tf.czu.cz

Abstract:

Currently, spectral indices are very common tool how to describe various characteristics of vegetation. In fact, these are mathematical operations which are calculated using specific bands of electromagnetic spectrum. Nevertheless, remote sensing sensors can differ due to the variations in bandwidth of the particular spectral channels. Therefore, the main aim of this study is to compare selected sensors in terms of their capability to predict crop yield by NDVI utilization. The experiment was performed at two locations (Prague-Ruzyně and Vendolí) in the year 2015 for both locations and in 2007 for Prague-Ruzyně only, when winter barley or spring barley grew on the plots. The cloud-free satellite images were chosen and normalised difference vegetation indices (NDVI) were calculated for each image. Landsat satellite images with moderate spatial resolution (30 m per pixel) were chosen during the crop growth for selected years. The other data sources were commercial satellite images with very high spatial resolution – QuickBird (QB) (0.6 m per pixel) in 2007 and WorldView-2 (WV-2) (2 m per pixel) in 2015 for Prague-Ruzyně location; and SPOT-7 (6 m per pixel) satellite image in 2015 for Vendolí location. GreenSeeker handheld crop sensor (GS) was used for collecting NDVI data for both locations in 2015 only. NDVI calculated at each of images was compared with the yield data. The data sources were compared with each other at the same term of crop growth stage. The results showed that correlation between GS and yield was relatively weak at Ruzyně. Conversely, significant relation was found at Vendolí location. The satellite images showed stronger relation with yield than GS. Landsat satellite images had higher values of correlation coefficient (in 30 m spatial resolution) at Ruzyně in both selected years. However, at Vendolí location, SPOT-7 satellite image has significantly better results compared to Landsat image. It is necessary to do more research to define which sensor measurements are most useful for selected applications in agriculture management.

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