Tag Archives: nursery

xxx C. Di Vaio, A. Testa, A. Cirillo and S. Conti
Slow-release fertilization and Trichoderma harzianum-based biostimulant for the nursery production of young olive trees (Olea Europaea L.)
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Slow-release fertilization and Trichoderma harzianum-based biostimulant for the nursery production of young olive trees (Olea Europaea L.)

C. Di Vaio¹, A. Testa¹²*, A. Cirillo¹* and S. Conti¹

¹Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Portici,
IT80055 Naples, Italy
²Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection, National Research Council, Portici,
IT80055, Naples, Italy
*Corresponding author: aurora.cirillo@unina.it; antonino.testa@unina.it

Abstract:

Valorization of local olive cultivars is a key factor for the medium-term development strategy of the Italian olive agroindustry. This involves enhancements in both, cultural practices and nursery techniques. The aim of this research was the evaluation in nursery, on vegetative growth and root development of young olive plants, of two different treatments: substrate enrichment with Osmocote®, a slow-release fertilizer, and Trianum-P a Trichoderma harzianum based biostimulant applied as foliar spray. The trial was carried out on Rotondella and Salella,
two autochthonous olive cultivars from the Campania region (southern Italy). Central axis height, number and length of lateral shoots, leaf number and trunk base diameter were monitored during the experiment. Eight months later, all plants were uprooted, and further parameters were measured: total leaf area, trunk cross sectional area (TCSA), fresh and dry weight of the leaves, shoots, trunk, roots, and total dry matter. The canopy/root ratio (C/R) was also determined. Overall, the Osmocote® treatment caused a significant increase in the vegetative growth parameters for both cultivars, with a more evident effect on the development of the canopy organs. The observation reported in the present work can represent a convenient piece of information particularly in relation to stress resilience in nursery production.

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511-516 D. Kviklys, J. Lanauskas, J. Sakalauskaitė, N. Kviklienė and N. Uselis
Soil exhaustion and rootstock effect on the growth of apple planting material
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Soil exhaustion and rootstock effect on the growth of apple planting material

D. Kviklys, J. Lanauskas, J. Sakalauskaitė, N. Kviklienė and N. Uselis

Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture, Kauno 30, LT–54333 Babtai, Kaunas distr., Lithuania,e-mail: d.kviklys@lsdi.lt

Abstract:

Apple rootstocks P 59, P 22, P 2, P 60, M.9, M.26, MM.106, B.118 (54–118), B.396 (62–396) and ‘Antonowka‘ seedlings were tested at the Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture in fresh soil and in soil previously used for an apple nursery. Replanting had a negative effect on the development of apple tree propagation material in the nursery. Bud survival of cv. ‘Sampion’ decreased by 24% compared to those in fresh soil. Other tree growth parameters were suppressed as well: tree height by 29%, trunk diameter by 24%, average leaf area by 28%, and absolutely dry leaf weight by 33%. Combining all parameters it could be concluded that apple trees of cv. ‘Sampion’ on P 59 and P 60 rootstocks are the most sensitive to soil exhaustion, whereas trees on P 2 and B.396 rootstocks show tolerance to replanting.

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