Lipid production from diverse oleaginous yeasts from steam exploded corn cobs
University of Applied Sciences Upper Austria, School of Engineering and Environmental Sciences, Stelzhamerstraße 23, 4600 Wels, Austria *Correspondence: Heike.Kahr@fh-wels.at
Corn cob hydrolysate was used as substrate for growth and lipid accumulation via oleaginous yeast species. A mass based suspension of 10 g 100 g-1 corn cob hydrolysate contained 26.0 g L-1 glucose, 8.5 g L-1 xylose. The inhibitor concentrations were 0.16 g L-1 acetic acid, 1.50 g L-1 formic acid, 0.48 g L-1 HMF and 0.06 g L-1 furfural. These conditions reduced the cell growth of non-adapted yeast. Successful adaptation of the tested yeasts over several generations in corn cob hydrolysate was performed. The adapted yeast Candida lipolytica produced 19.4 g 100 g -1 lipids in relation to the dry weight in 7.5 g 100 g-1 dry matter corn cob hydrolysate in fed batch mode. The scale up was done up to a volume of 2.5 litres – here lipid accumulation up to 17.5 g 100 g-1 was demonstrated with the quantitative GC/FID analyses. Predominantly oleic acid, palmitic acid, linoleic and palmitoleic acid were produced. This lipid spectrum is suitable for biodiesel production.