Tag Archives: organic fertilizers

xxx A. Parfeniuk, V. Mineralova, I. Beznosko, A. Lishchuk, V. Borodai and V. Krut
Mycobiota of the rhizosphere of raspberry plants (Rubus idaeus L.) under the influence of varieties and new fertilizers in conditions of organic production
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Mycobiota of the rhizosphere of raspberry plants (Rubus idaeus L.) under the influence of varieties and new fertilizers in conditions of organic production

A. Parfeniuk¹, V. Mineralova¹*, I. Beznosko¹, A. Lishchuk¹, V. Borodai² and V. Krut³

¹Institute of Agroecology and Nature Management of NAAS of Ukraine, Metrologichna, 12, UA03143 Kyiv, Ukraine
²The National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Heroiv Oborony, 15, UA03041 Kyiv, Ukraine
³Institute of Microbiology and Virology named after D.K. Zabolotnyi of NAAS of Ukraine, Academician Zabolotny, 154, UA03143 Kyiv, Ukraine
*Correspondence: valentinamk@ukr.net

Abstract:

The results of studies of influence of raspberry plant varieties and new organic fertilizers on the abundance and species composition of the micromycetes in rhizospheric soil in conditions of organic production are presented. The mycobiota of Joan J and Himbo-Top raspberry varieties during plant ontogeny was analyzed and the species composition of phytopathogenic micromycetes, which are presented in the rhizospheric plant soil, was defined. It was revealed that the following fungi species prevail in the population: Botrytis cinerea, Pers, Aspergillus niger, V. Tiegh, Alternaria alternata, (Fr.) Keissl, Fusarium sp. These fungi are producers of mycotoxins that can cause dangerous diseases in animals and humans. There is a stabilizing selection of microorganisms in the phase of separation of buds in inflorescences in the mycobiota of the rhizosphere of plants of raspberry varieties under the influence of the organic fertilizer VITERI with the addition of Basil essential oil.

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781–787 L. Dubova, N. Strunnikova, N. Cielava, I. Alsina, O. Kassien and A. Bekker
Thermal decontamination of sewage sludge
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Thermal decontamination of sewage sludge

L. Dubova¹*, N. Strunnikova², N. Cielava³, I. Alsina¹, O. Kassien⁴ and A. Bekker²

¹Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Faculty of Agriculture, Institute of Soil and Plant Sciences, 2 Liela street, LV-3001 Jelgava, Latvia
²Ekosoil Ltd, 26 Academy street, UA65009 Odessa, Ukraine
³Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies, Laboratory of Biotechnologies, 1 Strazdu street, LV-3004 Jelgava, Latvia
⁴Earth Revival, Ltd, Maskavas street 57-3, LV-1003 Riga, Latvia
*Correspondence: Laila.Dubova@llu.lv

Abstract:

Every year a huge amount of sewage sludge is formed at municipal wastewater treatment plants. Sewage sludge contains a sufficient amount of biogenic elements and organic components, which characterizes them as possible raw materials for the production of organic fertilizers. However, direct incorporation of these sediments into the soil is impossible due to the fact that, in addition to useful organic and mineral components, they contain pathogens, viruses and helminth eggs. The aim of the study was to optimise thermal disinfection conditions for preparing of safety sewage sludge fertilizer. Laboratory studies were carried out using sediments from wastewater treatment plants of some cities. During laboratory experiments, the conditions for thermal disinfection of sediments – the thickness of the sediment layer, the air temperature in the disinfection furnace, and the treatment time of the sediment – were determined. When conducting industrial tests of a conveyor-type sediment decontamination furnace, the operating conditions of the furnace were determined, i.e., the temperature regimes of the sludge heating zone, the decontamination zone and the cooling zone, and the optimum parameters of the sludge layer thickness on the conveyor and the conveyor speed were determined.

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1359–1367 V.B. Minin, V.D. Popov, D.A. Maksimov, A.A. Ustroev, S.P. Melnikov and E. Papushin
Developing of modern cultivation technology of organic potatoes
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Developing of modern cultivation technology of organic potatoes

V.B. Minin¹*, V.D. Popov¹, D.A. Maksimov¹, A.A. Ustroev¹, S.P. Melnikov² and E. Papushin¹

¹Institute for Engineering and Environmental Problems in Agricultural Production, – BFSBSI ‘Federal Scientific AgroEngineering Centre VIM’, Filtrovskoe shosse, 3, p.o. Tiarlevos, RU196625 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
²St. Petersburg State Agrarian University, building A2, Peterburgskoe shosse, Pushkin, RU196601 Saint-Petersburg, Russia
*Correspondence: minin.iamfe@mail.ru

Abstract:

Medium term field experiment demonstrates the effectiveness of biological ways to increase potatoes yield on the sod-podzolic, light loamy soil.
The effects of the following two groups of factors were studied:
1. The level of mineral nutrition provided by compost;
2. Microbiological pant protection product (bio preparations): Flavobacterin which has N fixer attribute and Vitaplan and Kartofen, which have bio fungicide features.
Potatoes varieties ‘Nevsky’ and ‘Udacha’ were cultivated. The compost was applied in the dose range from 0 to 160 kg N ha-1. Treatment with bio-preparations was carried out by potato tubers during planting and leaves during the growing season. Weeds were removed mechanically. Weather conditions had a significant impact on the formation of the crop. The average yield of standard potato tubers for 2017–2018 ranged from 14.1 to 29.3 t ha-1. The use of both microbiological preparations and compost gave approximately the same effect and increased yields by 35–37% compared to the control. The use of compost together with bio-preparations provided an output of 27.6–29.3 t ha-1 of potatoes. In 2019, the joint use of compost and bio-preparations allowed to reach a yield of 40 tons ha-1 of marketable potatoes. On the basis of the obtained data, the mathematical dependencies of the yield of potatoes on the dose of compost, the type of biological preparation and the complex indicator of the year conditions were determined.

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149-160 G. Sokolov L. Szajdak and I. Simakina
Changes in the structure of nitrogen-containing compounds of peat-, sapropel-, and brown coal-based organic fertilizers
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Changes in the structure of nitrogen-containing compounds of peat-, sapropel-, and brown coal-based organic fertilizers

G. Sokolov¹ L. Szajdak² and I. Simakina¹

¹Institute for Problems of Natural Resources Use and Ecology, National Academy of Sciencesof Belarus, Skarina str. 10, 220114 Minsk, Belarus; email: agrico@ns.ecology.ac.by
²Research Centre for Agricultural and Forest Environment of the Polish Academy of Sciences,ul. Bukowska 19, 60-809 Poznań; email: szajlech@man.poznan.pl.

Abstract:

The three-stage acidic hydrolysis method was used for the degradation of three organic fertilizers prepared on the basis of peat, sapropel and brown coal. This method of hydrolysis may simulate the processes that occur in the natural environment, influenced by chemical and biological factors with a high degree of reliability, by taking substances from fractions depending on stability of compounds in the investigated organic materials. The investigation of changes in the content of nitrogen in the studied fractions allows judging the character and the degree of transformation of nitrogen-containing compounds in kaustobioliths organic substances and prepared fertilizers. In these three organic fertilizers the content of readily (“easy”) hydrolysable nitrogen ranged from 49.1 to 58.4%, the content of hard-to- hydrolyse nitrogen ranged from 4.6 to 19.5%, in unhydrolysable rest, content ranged from 31.6 to 37%. The results showed a significant supply of nitrogen included in amino acid structures in soils. Amino acids represent a form of organic nitrogen, readily hydrolysable by chemicals and enzymes, available for plants and soil microorganisms. The highest supply was observed for the fertilizer prepared on the basis of brown coal. This fertilizer supplied 93.7 % more nitrogen than the reference soil. Two other fertilizers prepared on the basis of peat and sapropel supplied 64.1 % and 56.3 %, respectively more than reference soil. A relationship and good correlation were found between the contents of readily (“easy”) hydrolysable forms of nitrogen and the total amount of amino acids, and also between the contents of readily hydrolysable forms of nitrogen and concentrations of nitrogen in amino acid structures.

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