Tag Archives: productivity

210-216 R. Butkutė, N. Daugėlienė and E. Butkuvienė
The effect of soil pH and natural fertilizers on the productivity of different mixtures and nitrogen accumulation in plant biomass
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The effect of soil pH and natural fertilizers on the productivity of different mixtures and nitrogen accumulation in plant biomass

R. Butkutė¹, N. Daugėlienė² and E. Butkuvienė¹

¹Vėţaičiai Branch, Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Gargţdų 29, LT-96216, Vėţaičiai,Klaipėda District, Lithuania;phone no.: +370 46 458233, fax no.: +370 46 458777;e-mail: ruta@vezaiciai.lzi.lt
²Faculty of Forestry and Ecology, Lithuanian University of Agriculture, Studentų 11,LT-53356, Akademija, Kaunas District, Lithuania

Abstract:

Research aimed at comparing the productivity and nitrogen (N) accumulation in plant biomass of different mixtures and permanent meadow grown in soils with different pH was performed. Most of the N was accumulated in permanent meadow grass biomass. Barley/lupine and barley/pea mixtures accumulated considerably less N. In most cases, soil pH had no significant effect on N accumulation. In fact, N accumulation strongly depended on plant productivity. In 2008, there was a more significant decrease in the productivity of barley/lupine mixture, compared to that of 2007. Permanent meadow was a more stable agroecosystem compared with annual mixtures; therefore different agroclimatic conditions had little effect on yield formation (somewhat bigger in 2008, but insignificantly), whereas increase in grass productivity was obtained. Average data for 2007 and 2008 showed that barley/pea mixture was the most productive.

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305-310 R. Karklelienė, A. Radzevičius, E. Dambrauskienė, L. Duchovskienė,Č. Bobinas and D. Kavaliauskaitė
Reproduction features of organically grown edible carrot cultivars (Daucus sativus Röhl.) in Lithuania
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Reproduction features of organically grown edible carrot cultivars (Daucus sativus Röhl.) in Lithuania

R. Karklelienė, A. Radzevičius, E. Dambrauskienė, L. Duchovskienė,Č. Bobinas and D. Kavaliauskaitė

Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture, LT-54333 Babtai, Kaunas distr.,Lithuania; e-mail: r.karkleliene@lsdi.lt

Abstract:

Absract. Investigations were carried out in the organic seed-growing greenhouse at the Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture. Seed stalks of two edible carrot (Daucus sativus Röhl.) hybrids („Svalia‟ and No 2030) and two carrot cultivars („Garduolės‟, „Šatrija‟) were grown. Plantings of carrots‟ root-crop were stored in a stationary cellar. Investigations showed that cultivar genotype and growing conditions influenced morphological characteristics of the grown carrot seeds. An abundance of the pests and their natural enemies were found in the seed stalks of carrot cultivars, but they didn‟t differ significantly. It was established that cultivar „Garduolės‟ is suitable for organic seed growing on organic farming. Good quality and high viability (viable – 75.0–83.0%) seeds are possible to grow in an organic seed-growing greenhouse.

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421-425 N. Uselis, A. Valiuškaitė and L. Raudonis
Incidence of fungal leaf diseases and phytophagous mites in different strawberry cultivars
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Incidence of fungal leaf diseases and phytophagous mites in different strawberry cultivars

N. Uselis, A. Valiuškaitė and L. Raudonis

Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture, Babtai, Kaunas distr., LT-54333,Lithuania; e-mail: n.uselis@lsdi.lt

Abstract:

The incidence of fungal leaf diseases, phytophagous mites and productivity of strawberry cultivars ‘Saulenė’, ‘Honeoye’, ‘Kent’, ‘Elkat’, ‘Polka’, ‘Dangė’, ‘Senga Sengana’, ‘Pegasus’, ‘Bogota’ and ‘Pandora’ was investigated in 2004–2005 under field conditions at the Lithuanian Institute of Horticulture.The lowest incidence by common leaf spot (Mycosphaerella fragariae (Tul.) Sacc) wasrecorded on Dangė’, ‘Elkat’ and ‘Pegasus’. Disease prevalence ranged on average from 43–46 % and disease intensity from 14–15.7%. The most common white leaf spot was on ‘Honeyoe’ and ‘Senga Sengana’. ‘Elkat’ and ‘Polka’ were the most damaged (disease prevalence was 68–69% and intensity 36–46%) by leaf scorch (Marssonina potentilae Desm. Magn.), while the lowest incidence of leaf scorch was recorded on ‘Bogota’. The incidence of diseases varied depending on meteorological conditions during 2004–2005.The lowest infestation by strawberry mite (Tarsonemus pallidus Banks.) was recorded on‘Bogota’ and ‘Kent’. Moderately infested were ‘Honeoye’, ‘Saulenė’,‘Pandora’, ‘Senga Sengana’ and highly infested, ‘Pegasus’. Low infestation by two-spotted spider mites (Tetranychus urticae Koch) were ‘Bogota’, ‘Pandora’ and ‘Saulenė’, moderately – ‘Kent’ and ‘Honeoye’; the most common two-spotted spider mites were found on ‘Pegasus’.The study showed that ‘Saulenė’, ‘Pandora’, ‘Senga Sengana’, ‘Honeoye’, ‘Polka’,‘Elkat’ and ‘Dangė’ were highly productive, ranging from 11 to 17 t ha-1. The productivity of ‘Pegasus’ was 9 t ha-1. Cultivars ‘Bogota’ and ‘Kent’ were averagely productive (6 – 7 t ha-1) .

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207–215 L. Miliuviene, L. Novickiene, V. Gaveliene, I. Brazauskiene and L. Pakalniškyte
Possibilities to use growth regulators in winter oilseed rape growing technology
1. The effect of retardant analogues on oilseed rape growth

Abstract |
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Possibilities to use growth regulators in winter oilseed rape growing technology
1. The effect of retardant analogues on oilseed rape growth

L. Miliuviene¹, L. Novickiene¹, V. Gaveliene¹, I. Brazauskiene² and L. Pakalniškyte¹

¹Institute of Botany, Žaliuju ežeru 49, Lithuania; e-mail: leonida@botanika.lt
²Lithuanian Institute of Agriculture, Dotnuva - Akademia, Lithuania

Abstract:

The effect of growth regulators – derivatives of the diethylamine chloride 3-DEC and morpholinium chloride 17-DMC – on the growth and productivity of the winter oilseed rape ‘Kasimir F1’ was studied.
3-DEC and 17-DMC have been found to exert positive effect on the growth and development of the oilseed rape ‘Kasimir F1’ in autumn: it induced the growth of root collum, accumulation of monosaccharides in its tissues, leaf and root system formation, enhanced the endurance of this culture to wintering. Under the effect of these compounds applied in spring, stem growth was retarded and stem diameter as well as stem primary cortex ring and stele width increased, resulting in enhanced endurance to lodging. Thus, the compounds 3-DEC and 17-DMC, by modifying oilseed rape growth in autumn and influencing oilseed rape growth in spring, influenced the development of productivity elements. The extra seed yield under the effect of 3-DEC (250 g ha-1) and 17-DMC (500 g ha-1) in autumn was 350 and 455 kg ha-1, and in spring 496 and 406 kg ha-1, the control yield being 2,300 kg ha-1.

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