A comparative case study of the efficiency of collection systems for paper and biodegradable municipal solid waste
Department of Machinery Utilisation, Faculty of Engineering, Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague, Kamycká 129, CZ165 21 Prague 6 – Suchdol, Czech Republic *Correspondence: firstname.lastname@example.org
The need to increase municipal solid waste recycling rates has led to the study and analysis of recycling schemes from the perspective of the technical issues that may be involved. This paper compares two waste collection systems, which are operating in the Vysočina region of the Czech Republic: a municipal solid waste collection system for paper (including cardboard) and a biodegradable municipal solid waste collection system. Both collection systems were introduced at different times to cover one selected urban area. The emphasis has been placed on an evaluation of the development of individual, separate collections between 2014 and 2016. Analysis of the technological operation and performance of the collections are observed and evaluated by measuring a range of waste collection system indicators. Efficiency levels, especially when it comes to separate collections of both types of municipal solid waste, are compared to their relative representation in the remaining bulk of municipal solid waste. The changes in representation of these types of waste against those in the rest of the municipal solid waste shows which collection systems are more successful from the perspective of the implementation of the directive which covers landfill usage. The results also describe why systems could be more successful within the view of well-chosen or inappropriately-selected technological parameters for materials separation. The possibly statistically significant impact of paper waste production in terms of the relative amount of paper waste across the rest of the municipal solid waste has also been shown.