Game species fodder conditions in Eastern Siberia and Amur region
¹Far-Eastern State Agrarian University, Politehnicheskaja street 86, RU675005 Blagoveshchensk, Amur Oblast, Russia
²Russian Scientific Research Institute of Hunting and Fur farming named after Professor V.M. Zhitkov, 79, Engelsa street, RU610000 Kirov, Russia
³Rakuno Gakuen University, 582 Midorimachi, Bunkyodai, Ebetsu-shi, JP069-8501 Hokkaido, Japan
Hunting farms can serve as a source of primary data on the state of natural resources. Taking into account the increasing anthropogenic impact on the environment, it is necessary to constantly monitor the situation with food for ungulates and predators in order to be able to take timely measures to improve the quality of habitat for wild fauna. Populations of wild large animals live in the host landscapes of so reduced that animals population become extremely vulnerable and unstable, signs of crisis can be seen in the data on the number of animals. Lack of natural food is a serious deterrent, especially in difficult times of the year, such as winter and spring. An analysis of the situation with food for a particular species will allow hunting farms to properly plan their feeding and other activities throughout the year in order to maintain a population of certain species on their territory and minimize the migration of species outside the protected areas. The aim of our work was to create a baseline for tracking data on the characteristics of wildlife animals. The research results allow hunting farms to use the data of animal feeding preferences during different seasons of the year for better organization of their biotechnical measures and improvement of feeding conditions for such species as red deer (Cervus elaphus), elk (Cervus canadensis), roe deer (Capreolus pygargus) and bear (Ursus arctos).