Transport demands in suburbanized locations
Faculty of Engineering, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, ¹⁶⁵ ²¹ Prague ⁶ –Suchdol, Czech Republic;
The aim of this paper is to describe the suburban residents’ transport demands from the viewpoint of consumption costs in the case of regular commuting. The surveyed suburbs have different transport patterns, because these suburbs are influenced by the catchment area of the city of Prague that is a dominant city of the region, and many of the suburban settlements do not behave as traditional municipalities. Most of the existing transport links are carried out in relation to the city of Prague on radially oriented roads. The traffic intensity is often at the roads’ full capacity or the roads are even congested along the ride to the city. These congestions have a negative impact on the city’s environment and increase the consumption costs of passenger car transport as well. This contribution describes the transport demands based on the traffic surveys that were carried out within ¹⁵ suburban settlements during the morning peak hours and during ordinary working days. These selected settlements are located at different distances from the city and include different types of buildings and build-up areas. Thus, the authors gained a high quality sample for statistical assessment. On the basis of traffic surveys, the authors found the total amount of transport demands which were generated by selected settlements. The obtained results have proved the low competitiveness of public transport in suburban conditions from the viewpoint of travelling speed and transport costs as well, because there are no competitive advantages in this issue.