Tag Archives: recycling

xxx K.K. Singh, A. Meshram, D. Gautam and A. Jain
Hydrogen production using waste aluminium dross: from industrial waste to next-generation fuel
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Hydrogen production using waste aluminium dross: from industrial waste to next-generation fuel

K.K. Singh*, A. Meshram, D. Gautam and A. Jain

Indian Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Department of Metallurgical Engineering, IN221005 Varanasi India
*Correspondence: kksingh.met@iitbhu.ac.in

Abstract:

This article describes the production of hydrogen from white aluminium dross, an industrial waste generated in the aluminium smelter plants. Hydrogen is generated by metal-water reaction between aluminium and water in presence of alkalis like sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide. Aluminium dross is described as a heterogeneous material with its major constituents being metallic aluminium, alumina and other salt fluxes like NaCl and KCl. Utilizing the metallic aluminium content entrapped in the matrix of alumina for the metal-water reaction has been the driving force for the waste recycling and simultaneous hydrogen production. Bulk aluminium dross was crushed and downsized. The finer fraction of the powdered aluminium dross is used for the experiments. The effects of dross in the alkaline solution, temperature of the solution and the time of the reaction were studied to understand the generation of hydrogen. The alkaline solution breaks the protective layer of alumina and exposes the entrapped aluminium content to water, thereby commencing the hydrogen liberation.

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1257-1265 M. Tichý, M. Müller, P. Valášek and I. Miturska
Effect of rubber powder from waste tyre rubbers on mechanical properties of one-component polyurethane putty
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Effect of rubber powder from waste tyre rubbers on mechanical properties of one-component polyurethane putty

M. Tichý¹*, M. Müller¹, P. Valášek¹ and I. Miturska²

¹Czech University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Material Science and Manufacturing Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Kamýcká 129, CZ165 21 Prague, Czech Republic
²Lublin University of Technology, Department of Production Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Nadbystrzycka 36, PL20 618 Lublin, Poland
*Correspondence: xticm001@studenti.czu.cz

Abstract:

The utilization of adhesives in technical practice is varied. Adhesives serve for a creation of strength bonds on the one hand, and on the other hand e.g. for cementing. The aim of the research is a modification of one-component polyurethane putty RPS 45 used in automotive industry to increase strength properties in an adhesive bond. An interaction between a filler in the form of rubber powder micro-particles and one-component polyurethane adhesive was investigated by means of SEM analysis. Sealing is a primary property of this putty. Sealing putties usually reach very small strength which can be increased by an admixture of the filler. In order to keep elastic properties, micro-particles of the rubber powder gained from tyre recycling process were used as the filler. An aspect of a loading speed of the adhesive bond is essential at the practical application at which the adhesive bond can be failed in adhesive or cohesive layers. The adhesive bond can be perceived in terms of its function as a complex of three layers, i.e. an adhesive bonded material, the interaction between the adhesive and the adhesive bonded material and the adhesive layer itself. There are often states in the practices when the adhesive bonds are exposed to the loading which can be either a static or a dynamic one. That is why the research is focused not only on the evaluation of the influence of the modification of the one-component polyurethane adhesive, but also on the influence of the loading speed of the adhesive bond. Tested speeds set on a universal testing machine Zwick/Roell Z150 were 2, 50 and 100 mm min-1. The results of mechanical tests proved a positive influence of the filler on the strength σm higher by 42.68 ± 6.96% and the elongation at break εb higher by 12.2 ± 20.95%. On the contrary, the stress at yield σy was decreased.

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