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xxx M.G. Morerira, G.A.S. Ferraz, B.D.S. Barbosa, E.M. Iwasaki, P.F.P Ferraz, F.A. Damasceno and G. Rossi
Design and construction of a low-cost remotely piloted aircraft for precision agriculture applications
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Design and construction of a low-cost remotely piloted aircraft for precision agriculture applications

M.G. Morerira¹, G.A.S. Ferraz¹*, B.D.S. Barbosa¹, E.M. Iwasaki¹, P.F.P Ferraz¹, F.A. Damasceno² and G. Rossi³

¹Federal University of Lavras, Department of Agricultural Engineering, University Campus, BR37.200-000, Lavras, Brazil
²Federal University of Lavras, Department of Engineering, University Campus, BR37.200-000, Lavras, Brazil
³University of Florence, Department of Agriculture, Food, Environment and Forestry (DAGRI), Via San Bonaventura, 13, IT50145 Florence, Italy
*Correspondence: gabriel.ferraz@ufla.br

Abstract:

This study aimed to construct a low cost RPA capable of recording georeferenced images. For the construction of the prototype of a quadcopter type RPA, only essential materials were used to allow stable flight. A maximum total weight of 2 kg was stipulated, including frame weight, electronic components, motors and cameras. The aircraft was programmed using a low-cost microcontroller widely used in prototyping and automation research. An electronic circuit board is designed to facilitate the connection of the microcontroller with the other components of the design. Specific software was used for flight control. The prototype was built successfully, being able to lift stable and controllable flight. However, we still need to acquire equipment and programming components capable of enabling autonomous images and flights. The final cost of the RPA was on average $ 427.00 on average 50% lower than the values found in the Brazilian ARP market ($ 772.81 to $ 1,288.00)

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