Tag Archives: woodworking wastewater

xxx S. Vitolina, G. Shulga, B. Neiberte and S. Reihmane
Woodworking wastewater biomass effective separation and its recovery
Abstract |

Woodworking wastewater biomass effective separation and its recovery

S. Vitolina¹*, G. Shulga¹, B. Neiberte¹ and S. Reihmane²

¹Latvian State Institute of Wood Chemistry, 27 Dzerbenes Street, LV–1006 Riga, Latvia
2Riga Technical University, Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry, 3/7 Paula Valdena Street, LV–1048 Riga, Latvia
*Correspondence: sanita.vitolina@gmail.com

Abstract:

The aim of the study was to develop a new Al-based hybrid coagulant that was effective in removing wood biomass from the wastewater formed in water basins of plywood plants during hydrothermal treatment of birch wood. The organic-inorganic coagulant was prepared by interaction of high molecular polyethyleneimine (PEI) with the inorganic polyaluminium chloride-based composite coagulant (KHPAC) in aqueous medium. Owing to the hybrid nature, the developed coagulant could simultaneously perform both the coagulation and flocculation function. The influence of a hybrid coagulant composition, its dosage, pH and a temperature on the efficiency of wastewater biomass separation was investigated. The best coagulation-flocculation efficiency was achieved with the hybrid coagulant having a mass ratio of PEI/KHPAC equal to 0.3–0.5 and at the optimal dosage of 70–80 mg L-1, reaching 97% yield of the total wood biomass and 60% yield of the lignin recovery. The efficient dosage of PEI and KHPAC in hybrid coagulant was about 1.4–1.8 and 1.7–2.2 times lower than if these coagulants/flocculants were used alone. As a result of the coagulation-flocculation process, wood biomass sludge is formed, which is a sufficiently large source of renewable organic matter, with the potential to obtain value-added products. The components of the biomass sludge were found to have surface activity and binder properties, as well as cation exchange capacity. Based on these properties, its ability to structure dusty soil particles with the formation of mechanically resistant soil aggregates was studied.

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729–741 J. Brovkina, G. Shulga, J. Ozolins, B. Neiberte, A. Verovkins and V. Lakevics
The advanced application of the wood-originated wastewater sludge
Abstract |
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The advanced application of the wood-originated wastewater sludge

J. Brovkina¹*, G. Shulga¹, J. Ozolins², B. Neiberte¹, A. Verovkins¹ and V. Lakevics²

¹State Institute of Wood Chemistry, Dzerbenes street 27, LV–1006 Riga, Latvia
²Riga Technical University, Faculty of Material Science and Applied Chemistry, Paula Valdena street 3/7, LV–1048 Riga, Latvia
*Correspondence: yuli@inbox.lv

Abstract:

The wood hydrothermal treatment is one of the plywood production’s stages, which resulting in the production of wastewater containing such components as hemicelluloses, lignin and wood extractive substances (HLES). It is necessary to improve the wastewater treatment technology with the aim to enhance the yield of sludge from plywood wastewater for its effective and rational recycling. In the present study, the optimal coagulation conditions for the HLES removal have been found using the developed aluminium salt-based coagulant. The developed composite coagulant is characterized by lower doses, a wide range of the work pH values, the insensitivity against temperature changes and a higher coagulation efficacy compared with traditional aluminium salts. The proposed treatment technology generates many tons of wood-originated sludge – a biomass coagulate. It was found that the formed coagulate produced in the process of wastewater treatment can increase the sorption ability of clay. The optimal content of the dry coagulate in a clay sorbent does not exceed 0.11%. The sorption capacity of the developed sorbent for water, rapeseed and silicone oil increases by 35%, 31% and 21%, respectively, relative to the unmodified clay sorbent. The sorption efficiency of heavy metals from water solutions is also increased by 10–12%. The thermal treatment of the modified clay sorbent at the high temperature leads to an increase in its sorption capacity for oil products.

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